To­day in his­tory

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In 1925, the so-called Mon­key Trial ended in Day­ton, Ten­nessee, with John T. Scopes found guilty of vi­o­lat­ing state law for teach­ing Dar­win’s The­ory of Evo­lu­tion. (The con­vic­tion was later over­turned on a tech­ni­cal­ity.)

In 1944, Amer­i­can forces landed on Guam dur­ing World War II, cap­tur­ing it from the Ja­panese some three weeks later. The Demo­cratic Na­tional Con­ven­tion in Chicago nom­i­nated Sen. Harry S. Tru­man to be vice pres­i­dent.

In 1955, dur­ing a sum­mit in Geneva, Pres­i­dent Dwight D. Eisen­hower pre­sented his “open skies” pro­posal un­der which the U.S. and the Soviet Union would trade in­for­ma­tion on each other’s mil­i­tary fa­cil­i­ties and al­low aerial re­con­nais­sance. (The Sovi­ets re­jected the pro­posal.)

In 1969, Apollo 11 as­tro­nauts Neil Arm­strong and Ed­win “Buzz” Aldrin blasted off from the moon aboard the as­cent stage of the lu­nar mod­ule for dock­ing with the com­mand mod­ule.

In 1980, draft reg­is­tra­tion be­gan in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.

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