To­day in his­tory

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In 1609, the English ship Sea Venture, com­manded by Adm. Sir Ge­orge Somers, ran ashore on Ber­muda, where the pas­sen­gers and crew founded a colony.

In 1794, Max­im­i­lien Robe­spierre, a lead­ing fig­ure of the French Revo­lu­tion, was sent to the guil­lo­tine.

In 1914, World War I be­gan as Aus­tria-Hun­gary de­clared war on Ser­bia.

In 1915, more than 300 Amer­i­can sailors and Marines ar­rived in Haiti to restore or­der fol­low­ing the killing of Haitian Pres­i­dent Vi­brun Guillaume Sam by rebels, be­gin­ning a 19-year U.S. oc­cu­pa­tion.

In 1932, fed­eral troops forcibly dis­persed the so-called “Bonus Army” of World War I veter­ans who had gath­ered in Wash­ing­ton to de­mand pay­ments they weren’t sched­uled to re­ceive un­til 1945.

In 1943, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt an­nounced the end of cof­fee ra­tioning, which had be­gun in Novem­ber 1942.

In 1945, the U.S. Se­nate rat­i­fied the United Na­tions Char­ter by a vote of 89-2.

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