To­day in his­tory

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In 1807, former Vice Pres­i­dent Aaron Burr was found not guilty of trea­son. (Burr was then tried on a mis­de­meanor charge, but was again ac­quit­ted.)

In 1923, the Ja­panese cities of Tokyo and Yoko­hama were dev­as­tated by an earth­quake that claimed some 140,000 lives.

In 1939, World War II be­gan as Nazi Ger­many in­vaded Poland.

In 1942, U.S. Dis­trict Court Judge Martin I. Welsh, rul­ing from Sacra­mento, Calif., on a law­suit brought by the Amer­i­can Civil Lib­er­ties Union on behalf of Fred Kore­matsu, up­held the wartime de­ten­tion of Ja­panese-Amer­i­cans as well as Ja­panese na­tion­als.

In 1945, Amer­i­cans re­ceived word of Ja­pan’s for­mal sur­ren­der that ended World War II.

In 1961, the Soviet Union ended a mora­to­rium on atomic test­ing with an above-ground nuclear ex­plo­sion in cen­tral Asia. A TWA Lockheed Con­stel­la­tion crashed shortly af­ter take­off from Chicago’s Mid­way Air­port, killing all 78 people on board.

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