5 ways to help min­i­mize the on­set of wrin­kles

The Idaho Statesman (Sunday) - - OBITUARIES -

Wrin­kles are a nat­u­ral part of ag­ing, es­pe­cially for the face, neck, hands and fore­arms. But some peo­ple are more prone to wrin­kles based on sun­ex­po­sure and other fac­tors. Al­though ge­net­ics mainly de­ter­mine skin struc­ture and tex­ture, sun ex­po­sure is a ma­jor cause of wrin­kles, es­pe­cially for fair-skinned peo­ple. Pol­lu­tants and smok­ing, also con­trib­ute to wrin­kling.

While some peo­ple wel­come their wrin­kles, as a sign of char­ac­ter, if your wrin­kles bother you there are things you can do to min­i­mize de­vel­op­ing wrin­kles.

Pro­tect your skin from the sun: Pro­tect your skin – and pre­vent fu­ture wrin­kles – by lim­it­ing the time you spend in the sun and al­ways wear­ing pro­tec­tive cloth­ing, such as wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts and sun­glasses. Also, use sun­screen when out­doors, even dur­ing win­ter.the Amer­i­can Academy of Der­ma­tol­ogy rec­om­mends us­ing a broad­spec­trum sun­screen with an SPF of 30 or more. Ap­ply sun­screen gen­er­ously, and reap­ply every two hours – or more of­ten if you’re swim­ming or per­spir­ing.

Use prod­ucts with built-in sun­screen: When se­lect­ing skin care prod­ucts, choose those with a built-in broad­spec­trum sun­screen – mean­ing it blocks both UVA and UVB rays.

Use mois­tur­iz­ers: Dry skin shriv­els plump skin cells, which can lead to pre­ma­ture fine lines and wrin­kles. Though mois­tur­iz­ers can’t pre­vent wrin­kles, they may tem­po­rar­ily mask tiny lines and creases.

Don’t smoke: Even if you’ve smoked for years or smoked heav­ily, you can still im­prove your skin tone and tex­ture and pre­vent fu­ture wrin­kles by quit­ting smok­ing.

Eat a healthy diet: There is some ev­i­dence that cer­tain vi­ta­mins in your diet help pro­tect your skin. More study is needed on the role of nu­tri­tion, but it’s good to eat plenty of fruits and veg­eta­bles.

AL­TER­NA­TIVE MEDICINE

Many over-the-counter wrin­kle creams and lo­tions prom­ise to re­duce wrin­kles and pre­vent or re­verse dam­age caused by the sun. But th­ese prod­ucts are not likely to make a no­tice­able dif­fer­ence in your skin.

The Food and Drug Ad­min­is­tra­tion clas­si­fies th­ese creams and lo­tions as cos­met­ics, which are de­fined as hav­ing no med­i­cal value. So the

FDA reg­u­lates them less strictly than it does drugs. This means that prod­ucts don’t need to un­dergo rig­or­ous test­ing for safety and ef­fec­tive­ness be­fore ap­proval to go on the mar­ket.

Be­cause the FDA doesn’t eval­u­ate cos­metic prod­ucts for ef­fec­tive­ness, there’s no guar­an­tee that any over-the-counter prod­uct will re­duce your wrin­kles.

If you’re look­ing for a face-lift in a bot­tle, you prob­a­bly won’t find it in over-the-counter wrin­kle creams. The ben­e­fits of th­ese prod­ucts are usu­ally only mod­est at best.

COM­MON IN­GRE­DI­ENTS

The ef­fec­tive­ness of anti-wrin­kle creams depends in part on the ac­tive in­gre­di­ent or in­gre­di­ents. Here are some com­mon in­gre­di­ents that may re­sult in some im­prove­ment in the ap­pear­ance of wrin­kles.

Retinol: Retinol is a vi­ta­min A com­pound, the first an­tiox­i­dant to be widely used in non­pre­scrip­tion wrin­kle creams. An­tiox­i­dants are sub­stances that neu­tral­ize free rad­i­cals – un­sta­ble oxy­gen mol­e­cules that break down skin cells and cause wrin­kles.

Vi­ta­min C: An­other po­tent an­tiox­i­dant, vi­ta­min C may help pro­tect skin from sun dam­age. Be­fore and be­tween uses, wrin­kle creams con­tain­ing vi­ta­min C must be stored in a way that pro­tects them from air and sun­light.

Hy­droxy acids: Al­pha hy­droxy acids, beta hy­droxy acids (sal­i­cylic acid) and poly hy­droxy acids are ex­fo­liants – sub­stances that re­move the up­per layer of old, dead skin and stim­u­late the growth of smooth, evenly pig­mented new skin.

Coen­zyme Q10: This in­gre­di­ent may help re­duce fine wrin­kles around the eyes and pro­tect the skin from sun dam­age.

Pep­tides: This in­gre­di­ent has been used in prod­ucts for wound heal­ing, stretch marks and now wrin­kles.

Tea ex­tracts: Green, black and oo­long tea con­tain com­pounds with an­tiox­i­dant and an­ti­in­flam­ma­tory prop­er­ties. Green tea ex­tracts are the ones most com­monly found in wrin­kle creams.

Grape seed ex­tract: In ad­di­tion to its an­tiox­i­dant and anti-in­flam­ma­tory prop­er­ties, grape seed ex­tract pro­motes wound heal­ing.

Niaci­namide: A po­tent an­tiox­i­dant, this sub­stance is re­lated to vi­ta­min B-3 (niacin). It helps re­duce wa­ter loss in the skin and may im­prove skin elas­tic­ity.

Dream­stime

Sun ex­po­sure is a ma­jor cause of wrin­kles, es­pe­cially for fair-skinned peo­ple.

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