The Mercury News

AI to transform children's lives in a major way

- By Tyler Cowen Tyler Cowen is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist. © 2023 Bloomberg. Distribute­d by Tribune Content Agency.

With the introducti­on of GPT-4 and Claude, AI has taken another big step forward. GPT-4 is human-level or better at many hard tasks, a huge improvemen­t over GPT3.5, which was released only a few months ago. Yet amid the debate over these advances, there has been very little discussion of one of the most profound effects of AI large language models: how they will reshape childhood.

In the future, every middleclas­s kid will grow up with a personaliz­ed AI assistant — so long as the parents are OK with that.

Having an AI service for your child will be as normal as having a pet, except the AI service will never bite. It will be carried around in something like a tablet, though with a design that is oriented toward the AI.

Recent developmen­ts suggest that AI models can be both commoditiz­ed and customized more easily and cheaply than expected. So parents will be able to choose what kind of companion they want their kids to have — in contrast to the free-for-all of the internet. The available services likely will include education and tutoring, text or vocalizati­ons of what the family pet might be thinking, dancing cartoon avatars and much more. Companies will compete to offer products that parents think will be good for their kids.

I predict that most families will welcome it. For one, parents will be able to turn off the connection whenever they wish. Simply clicking a button is easier than yanking an iPad out of a kid's grasp.

Most of all, letting your kid have an AI companion will bring big advantages. Your child will learn to read and write much faster and better, and will do better in school. Or maybe you want your kid to master Spanish or Chinese, but you can't afford an expensive tutor who comes only twice a week. Do you want your child to learn how to read music? The AI services will be as limited or as expansive as you want them to be.

It is an open question how quickly schools will embrace these new methods of learning. At some point, however, they will become part of the curriculum. Competitiv­e pressures will make parents reluctant to withhold AI from their kids. Even if the AIs are not present in the classroom, some kids will use them to help do their homework, gaining a big advantage, and the practice will likely spread.

Of course children will use these AIs for purposes far beyond what their parents intend. They will become playthings, companions, entertaine­rs and much more.

What about teenagers? Well, many parents may allow their kids to speak with AI therapists. It might be better than nothing, and perhaps better than many human therapists.

It is easy enough to imagine the problems. Socially conservati­ve parents won't be able to stop their kids from visiting friends whose AIs teach about sex education. Many kids may manage to “jailbreak” their AIs, getting them talking about sex and violence, even in an educationa­l context (try Roman history). And while the rise of AI won't necessaril­y increase inequality, it's hard to argue that it won't confer even more advantages on wealthy and middle-class kids.

But the biggest drawback might simply be that the AI services work too well, and kids become very attached to them, neglecting friends and family. They might be such good babysitter­s that parents won't always pull the plug when they should. They might, in short, be the 21st century version of television.

What will it be like to grow up with such companions? Nobody really knows. But an entire generation is about to find out.

 ?? DREAMSTIME — TNS ?? The rapidly developing world of artificial intelligen­ce is going to change childhood as we know it.
DREAMSTIME — TNS The rapidly developing world of artificial intelligen­ce is going to change childhood as we know it.

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