The Middletown Press (Middletown, CT)

10 questions about Labor Day

- By Eric D. Pullin Eric D. Pullin is a history professor and South Asia specialist at Carthage College in Kenosha, Wisc. He wrote this for InsideSour­

Labor Day marks the unofficial end of summer and, for many, a return to the traditiona­l work schedule. The quiz below, from the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University in Ashland, Ohio, provides an opportunit­y to test your knowledge of the American labor movement and the history of Labor Day.

1. In what year did Labor Day become a U.S. national holiday?

A: 1890

B: 1892

C: 1894

D: 1896

2. What was the name of the character who symbolized the working women of World War II in the famous “We Can Do It!” campaign?

A: Rosie O’Donnell

B: Rosie the Riveter

C: Rosie Greer

D: Rosie Ruiz

3. Which was the first U.S. state to make Labor Day a holiday?

A: New York

B: Ohio

C: Oklahoma

D: Oregon

4. Which country made Labor Day a national holiday the same year as the United States?

A: Canada

B: France

C: Germany

D: Mexico

5. According to the Department of Labor, in which city did the first American celebratio­n of Labor Day occur?

A: Boston

B: Chicago

C: New York

D: Pittsburgh

6. Which organizati­on planned the first Labor Day celebratio­n in the United States?

A: The Illinois and Central Railroad B: The Pullman Place Car Company

C: The American Railway Union

D: The Central Labor Union

7. Who was the leader of the American Railway Union during the Pullman Strike?

A: Eugene Levy B: Eugene McCarthy C: Eugene O’Neil D: Eugene V. Debs

8. Which types of unions are regulated by the National Labor Relations Board, establishe­d in 1935?

A: Marital unions B: Private sector unions

C: Public sector unions

D: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

9. Which congressio­nal act banned union contributi­ons to political candidates?

A: Taft-Hartley Act B: Smoot-Hawley Act C: Glass-Steagall Act D: Landrum-Griffin Act

10. Walter Reuther was the fourth president of which labor union?

A: AFL-CIO B: United Auto Workers C: National Education Associatio­n D: Internatio­nal Brotherhoo­d of Electrical Workers

ANSWERS: 1-C, 2-B, 3-D, 4-A, 5-C, 6-D, 7-D, 8-B, 9-A, 10-B

 ?? M. Ryder ??
M. Ryder
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File photo
 ?? Times Union Archive ?? The first locomotive to operate on an American Railway.
Times Union Archive The first locomotive to operate on an American Railway.
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Dean Rohrer /

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