To­day is the 13th day of 2019. There are 352 days left in the year.

To­day’s high­light in his­tory:

On Jan. 13, 1982, an Air Flor­ida 737 crashed into Wash­ing­ton, D.C.’s 14th Street Bridge and fell into the Po­tomac River while try­ing to take off dur­ing a snow­storm, killing 78 peo­ple; four pas­sen­gers and a flight at­ten­dant sur­vived.

On this date:

In 1794, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton ap­proved a mea­sure adding two stars and two stripes to the Amer­i­can flag, fol­low­ing the ad­mis­sion of Ver­mont and Ken­tucky to the Union. (The num­ber of stripes was later re­duced to the orig­i­nal 13.)

In 1915, a mag­ni­tude-7 earth­quake cen­tered in Avez­zano, Italy, claimed some 30,000 lives.

In 1941, a law went into ef­fect grant­ing Puerto Ri­cans U.S. birthright cit­i­zen­ship. Nov­el­ist and poet James Joyce died in Zurich, Switzer­land, less than a month be­fore his 59th birth­day.

In 1962, co­me­dian Ernie Ko­vacs died in a car crash in west Los An­ge­les 10 days be­fore his 43rd birth­day.

In 1964, Ro­man Catholic Bishop Karol Wo­jtyla (the fu­ture Pope John Paul II) was ap­pointed arch­bishop of Krakow, Poland, by Pope Paul VI.

In 1968, coun­try singer Johnny Cash per­formed and recorded a pair of shows at Fol­som State Prison in Cal­i­for­nia; ma­te­rial from the con­certs was re­leased as an al­bum by Columbia Records un­der the ti­tle “Johnny Cash at Fol­som Prison,” which proved a hit.

In 1978, for­mer Vice Pres­i­dent Hu­bert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.

In 1990, L. Dou­glas Wilder of Vir­ginia be­came the na­tion’s first elected black gover­nor as he took the oath of of­fice in Rich­mond.

In 1992, Ja­pan apol­o­gized for forc­ing tens of thou­sands of Korean women to serve as sex slaves for its sol­diers dur­ing World War II, cit­ing newly un­cov­ered doc­u­ments that showed the Ja­pa­nese army had had a role in ab­duct­ing the so-called “com­fort women.”

In 1997, seven black sol­diers were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II valor; the lone sur­vivor of the group, for­mer Lt. Ver­non Baker, re­ceived his medal from Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton at the White House.

In 2000, Mi­crosoft Chair­man Bill Gates stepped aside as chief ex­ec­u­tive and pro­moted Steve Ballmer, the com­pany pres­i­dent, to the po­si­tion.

In 2012, the Ital­ian lux­ury liner Costa Con­cor­dia ran aground off the Tus­can is­land of Giglio and flipped onto its side; 32 peo­ple were killed.

Ten years ago: Pres­i­dent-elect Barack Obama’s nom­i­nee for sec­re­tary of state, Hillary Rod­ham Clin­ton, vowed dur­ing her Se­nate con­fir­ma­tion hear­ing to re­vi­tal­ize the mis­sion of diplo­macy in U.S. for­eign pol­icy. Obama’s choice to run the Trea­sury Depart­ment, Tim­o­thy Gei­th­ner, dis­closed that he had failed to pay $34,000 in taxes from 2001 to 2004. U.S. mar­shals ap­pre­hended Mar­cus Schrenker, 38, in North Flor­ida days after the busi­ness­man and am­a­teur dare­devil pi­lot ap­par­ently tried to fake his own death in a plane crash. (Schrenker was sen­tenced to 10 years in prison after plead­ing guilty to se­cu­ri­ties fraud charges, on top of four years in fed­eral prison on charges stem­ming from the plane crash.) Ac­tor-di­rec­tor Patrick McGoohan died in Los An­ge­les at age 80. Au­thor Hortense Cal­isher died in New York at age 97.

Five years ago: A shoot­ing at a Wes­ley Chapel, Fla., movie theater left Chad Oul­son, 43, dead; re­tired Tampa po­lice Capt. Cur­tis Reeves, 71, is ac­cused of killing Oul­son dur­ing what au­thor­i­ties said was an ar­gu­ment over Oul­son’s tex­ting just be­fore a show­ing of the movie “Lone Sur­vivor.” (He is still await­ing trial; a judge has re­jected a “stand-your­ground” de­fense.) Two Fuller­ton, Calif., po­lice of­fi­cers who were video­taped in a vi­o­lent strug­gle with a home­less man, Kelly Thomas, dur­ing an ar­rest were ac­quit­ted by a jury in Santa Ana of killing him.

One year ago: A false alarm that warned of a bal­lis­tic mis­sile headed for Hawaii sent the is­lands into a panic, with peo­ple aban­don­ing cars on a high­way and pre­par­ing to flee their homes; of­fi­cials apol­o­gized and said the alert was sent when some­one hit the wrong but­ton dur­ing a shift change. Two Army cap­tains who met at West Point, Daniel Hall and Vin­cent Franchino, re­turned there to be mar­ried, in what The New York Times said was be­lieved to be the first same-sex mar­riage of ac­tive-duty per­son­nel at the mil­i­tary academy.

A U.S. flag with 15 stripes and 15 stars flies in Bal­ti­more dur­ing a cel­e­bra­tion of the 200th an­niver­sary of the United States’ na­tional an­them. The ad­di­tion of two stripes was ap­proved on this date in 1794, though the num­ber was later re­duced back to 13.

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