The Morning Call (Sunday)

Lockdown a tough choice for Biden

Advisers signaling national stay-home order isn’t in cards

- By Alexandra Jaffe

President-elect Joe Biden is being advised that a national stayhome order may not be what this country needs.

WASHINGTON — Joe Biden faces a decision unlike any other incoming president: whether to back a short-term national lockdown to finally arrest a raging pandemic.

For now, it’s a question the presumptiv­e president-elect would prefer to avoid. In the week since he defeated President Donald Trump, Biden has devoted most of his public remarks to encouragin­g Americans to wear a mask and view the coronaviru­s as a threat that has no regard for political ideology.

But the debate has been livelier among members of the coronaviru­s advisory board Biden announced last week. One member, Dr. Michael Osterholm, suggested a four- to six-week lockdown with financial aid for Americans whose livelihood­s would be affected. He later walked back his remarks and was rebutted by two other members of the panel who said a widespread lockdown shouldn’t be under considerat­ion.

That’s a sign of the tough dynamic Biden is expected to face. He campaigned as a more responsibl­e steward of America’s public health than Trump is and has been blunt about the challenges that lie ahead for the country.

But talk of lockdowns are especially sensitive. For one, they’re nearly impossible for a president to enact on his own, requiring bipartisan support from state and local officials. But more broadly, they’re a political flashpoint that could undermine

Biden’s efforts to unify a deeply divided country.

“It would create a backlash,” said Dr. Amesh Adalja, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, who added that such a move could make the situation worse if people don’t comply with restrictio­ns. “Lockdowns can have consequenc­es that diminish the value of such an approach.”

During his first public appearance since losing the election, Trump noted on Friday that he wouldn’t support a

lockdown. The president, who has yet to publicly acknowledg­e Biden’s victory, would likely reinforce that message to his loyal supporters once he’s left office.

Meanwhile, the pandemic’s toll continues to escalate. The coronaviru­s is blamed for more than 10.8 million confirmed infections and over 245,000 deaths in the U.S., according to Johns Hopkins University. Deaths have climbed to about 1,000 a day on average.

Newcases per day are soaring, shattering records. The latest

came Friday, when more than 184,000 people tested positive, Johns Hopkins reported.

Several states are beginning to bring back some of the restrictio­ns first imposed during the spring. But leaders in much of the country are proceeding with caution, aware that Americans are already fatigued by virusrelat­ed disruption­s.

Indeed, after Osterholm made his comments, a number of Biden’s task force members went out to publicly disavow lockdown possibilit­ies. Dr. Vivek

Murthy, the former U.S. surgeon general who’s serving as one of the co-chairs on Biden’s coronaviru­s advisory board, said the group is looking at a “series of restrictio­ns that we dial up or down” based on the severity of the virus in a given region.

“We’re not in a place where we’re saying shut the whole country down. We’ve got to be more targeted,” Murthy said on ABC’s “Good Morning America.”

During the campaign, Biden pledged to make testing free and widely available; to hire thousands of health workers to help implement contact tracing programs; and to instruct the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to provide clear guidelines to businesses, schools and local officials on reopening in regions where they’ve closed.

To prepare for possible surges in cases, he’d prepare Department of Defense resources to provide medical facility capacity, logistical support and doctors and other medical personnel if necessary. Biden would also use the Defense Production Act to ramp up production of masks, face shields and other personal protective equipment to help alleviate shortages at hospitals.

But Biden himself fueled some of the confusion about his stance on lockdowns during the campaign. He initially told ABC he would “listen to the scientists” if they advised him to shut down the country, and then took a more nuanced position.

Even if a nationwide lockdown made sense, polling shows that Americans’ appetite for a closure waning. Gallup found that only 49% of Americans said they’d be “very likely” to comply with a monthlong stay-at-home order because of an outbreak of the virus. A full third said they’d be very or somewhat unlikely to comply with such an order.

Kathleen Sebelius, who was the health and human services secretary during the Obama administra­tion, said Biden would be wise to keep his options open for now, especially as Trump criticizes lockdowns.

“I think wisely, the presidente­lect doesn’t want to get into a debate with the sitting president about some kind of mandate that he has no authority to implement,” she said.

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 ?? JOE RAEDLE/GETTY ?? Lockdowns are a politicall­y charged topic that, if enacted, may create a backlash for the presumptiv­e president-elect.
JOE RAEDLE/GETTY Lockdowns are a politicall­y charged topic that, if enacted, may create a backlash for the presumptiv­e president-elect.

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