The Morning Call (Sunday)
Moving support column is a delicate operation
Q: I have this load-bearing post right in front of mylaundry room door. What can a person do to remove or relocate it to a more convenient location? Is this something that a reasonably handy homeowner with a decent array of tools can do by himself? Can you share all that’s involved? Doyou have a clue how this column ended up in such an inconvenient location? Is there a way to have fewer support columns in basements and crawlspaces?
A: This is a great example of how not to think ahead. Not knowing all the facts, I speculate the architect or draftsperson had no idea that the basement might be finished at a later date.
If the homeowner could jump into a time machine, I’m quite sure they would have tried to have the staircase installed so that the side of the one stringer was just an inch away from the side of the column, or they would have had the structural engineer come up with a different support plan so the column would have been out of the way. It’s even possible to have no support columns at all.
Let’s discuss how these posts or columns are installed in a typical home, and then you’ll start to appreciate what’s involved in moving one. First and foremost, there should be a footing pad at least 2 feet by 2 feet by 8 inches thick under the post or column. This distributes the weight bearing down on the post over a greater area.
Without this footing, the column could poke into the soil like you might put a toothpick into a juicy watermelon ball or piece of cheese. You don’t want support columns sinking into the soil, for goodness sake.
Manystructural engineers require the support post to be bolted to this footing. You can imagine howhardit would be to remove these bolts if the base of the support column is surrounded by poured concrete. Yes, I knowyoucancut offthe column at the floor level, but this might not be possible.
The top of the support column should also be bolted to the beam that rests on top of the post. These bolts are somewhat easier to deal with, and removing them is rarely a challenge.
The biggest issue is the overall structural design. Assuming the support beam was designed by a structural engineer or an architect with enough experience to know the correct beam size and column spacing, support posts and columns are in precise predetermined locations. You can’t just remove a column and move it several feet one way or another hoping everything is going to work out.
It’s possible there’s an enormous concentrated load directly above the support column. I had this in the last home I built for my family. I had an interior bearing wall next to my family room that had a header support post that carried the weight of a second-story exterior wall, part of the attic floor, half the weight of a first-floor roof and a major portion of the main house roof. I can’t begin to think of how many tons of weight are concentrated on this one post!
To give a frank answer to the key question here, a reasonably handy homeowner with a decent array of tools still can’t do this job by themselves. I say this knowing there are some very clever, determined and resourceful homeowners out there. You may be one.
I temper myanswer with this caveat, though. The first thing you must do is hire a residential structural engineer. Have this professional visit your home, survey the job and develop a small written plan for you to follow. Be sure the plan contains the mission-critical steps of how to temporarily resupport the beam while you do the work.
All of the misery and expense you’re about to suffer through could have been avoided when the house was built. You actually could have had no support columns or fewer of them.
The common steel beam that is often installed in homes and crawlspaces is an 8 x 17 I-beam.
This means it’s 8 inches tall and it weighs 17 pounds per lineal foot. In most homes, this beam requires support about every 8 feet.
Understand that steel I-beams come in many sizes, just like shoes, pants and shirts. Abeam weighing more pounds per foot might have allowed for greater column spacing. Ataller and heavier beam — like the 10 x 31 ones I put in my last house — would have allowed you to span 14 feet.
Amazingwoodenfloortrussescouldhavebeenused inthehouse.Theserequirenosupportbeamsbeneath them.Theyjustspanallthewayacrossthedepthof thehouse.Theseareinmydaughter’snewhome.You canwatchanenlighteningvideoaboutthesefantastic trussesonmyAsktheBuilder.comwebsite.
Not only do you not need beams under them, but the HVAC person, the plumber and the electrician are going to be jumping for joy. The trusses make their jobs go faster and you save money in the long run.