The Morning Call (Sunday)

Biden meets early defining moment

Georgia runoffs to decide reach of his nascent presidency

- By Bill Barrow

ATLANTA—Usually it’ s a president’ s first midterm election that reorders a White House’ s political approach and priorities. For President-elect Joe Biden, his most defining congressio­nal election is coming before he takes office.

Two run offs Tuesday in Georgia will decide which party controls the Senate and, thus, how far the new president can reach legislativ­ely on issues such as the pandemic, health care, taxation, energy and the environmen­t. For a politician who sold himself to Americans as a uniter and a seasoned legislativ­e broker, the Georgia elections will help determine whether he’s able to live up to his billing.

“It’s not that you can’t get anything done in the minority or get everything done in the majority, but having the gavel, having that leadership control can be the difference in success or failure for an administra­tion,” said Jim Manley, once a top aide to former Democratic Senate Leader Harry Reid of Nevada.

Both Georgia Democrats Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock must win Tuesday to split the Senate50-50.VicePresid­ent-elect Kamala Harris, as president of the Senate, would provide the tiebreaker needed to determine control.

Even a closely divided Democratic Senate wouldn’t give Biden everything he wants. Senate rules still require 60 votes to advance most major legislatio­n; for now, there aren’t enough Democrats willing to change that requiremen­t. So, regardless of Georgia’s

results, Bid en will have to win over Republican­s in a Senate where a bipartisan group of more centrist senators stand to see their stock rise.

A Democratic Senate still would clear an easier path for Biden’s nominees to key posts, especially on the federal judiciary, and give Democrats control of committees and much of the floor action. Converse ly, a Senate led by Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky almost certainly would deny Biden major legislativ­e victories, as it did late in President Barack Obama’s tenure, by keeping his agenda from even getting up-or-downvotes.

The president-elect will travel Monday to Atlanta to campaign with Ossoff and Warnock for

the second time in three weeks. Biden’s campaign aides have helped raise millions to boost the party infrastruc­ture that helped Bid en become the first Democratic presidenti­al nominee since 1992 to carry thestate. Harrisis scheduled to campaign Sunday in Savannah.

In his last visit, Biden called Republican Sens. David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler “roadblocks” and urged Georgians “to vote for two United States senators who know how to say the word ‘yes’ and not just ‘no.’ ”

Congressio­nal makeup shapes any administra­tion, but perhaps even more so for Bid en, who spent 36 years in the Senate, plus eight as Obama’s vice president and top congressio­nal liaison. Biden leaned on that resume to pitch

himself to the country as a consensus builder; he also criticized presidents’ increased use of executive action to go around Congress and insisted it would be different in his presidency.

Even some Republican­s are hopeful. Michael Steel, once a top adviser to Republican House Speaker John Bo eh n er of Ohio—a chief O ba ma foil along with McConnell— blamed Obama’s Capitol Hill trouble son his personal approach to his fellow politician­s. Conversely, Steel said, “President-elect Biden is a legislator by avocation, by training, by instinct, by experience in away that former President Obamawasno­t.”

Steel predicted Biden and McConnell, two former colleagues, can find “common

ground” on infrastruc­ture and immigratio­n — policy areas that have stumped multiple administra­tions. Steel noted a handful of Republican senators, including Marco Rubio of Florida and Rob Port man of Ohio, could face tough reelection fights in 2022, potentiall­y making them eager to cut deals they could tout in campaigns.

Still, there’s no indication McConnell would allow considerat­ion of other top Bid en priorities, most notably a“public option” expansion of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, which passed without a single Republican vote when Democrats controlled both chamber son Capitol Hill.

Biden will need his negotiatin­g skills to navigate the left flank of his ownparty as well.

Larry Cohen, chairman of Our Revolution, the offshoot of Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders ’2016 presidenti­al bid, said progressiv­es will press Democrats in Congress to use the “budget reconcilia­tion” process to work around the Senate’s 60-vote filibuster threshold. Cohen argued that tactic might be used to accomplish longsought goals like ending tax subsidies to fossil fuel companies and enabling the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to negotiate as a single customer with pharmaceut­ical companies.

He also said progressiv­es will push Biden to use executive authority. He named two initiative­s Biden has called for publicly: ending new drilling on federal lands and raising the minimum wage for federal contractor­s to $15 per hour.

Democrats’ limited expectatio­ns about their ownpower, even withapoten­tial majority, belie the exaggerate­d claims Republican­s have used in the Georgia races.

In Perdue’s and Loeffler’s telling, a Democratic Senate would “rubber stamp” a “socialist agenda,” from “ending private insurance” and “expanding the Supreme Court” to adopting wholesale a “Green New Deal” that would spend trillions and raise taxes one very U.S. household by thousands of dollars each year. Besides misreprese­nting Biden’s and most Democratic senators’ policy preference­s, that characteri­zation ignores thereality of the Senate’s roster.

At one campaign stop last week, Ossoff said Perdue’s “ridiculous” attacks “blow my mind.” But the challenger agreed with the incumbent on how much the Georgia runoffs matter.

“We have too much good work to do,” Ossoff said, “to be mired in gridlock and obstructio­n for the next few years.”

 ?? PATRICKSEM­ANSKY/AP ?? President-elect Joe Biden, center, acknowledg­es supporters at a rally last month for Georgia Democratic candidates for U.S. Senate Raphael Warnock, left, and Jon Ossoff in Atlanta.
PATRICKSEM­ANSKY/AP President-elect Joe Biden, center, acknowledg­es supporters at a rally last month for Georgia Democratic candidates for U.S. Senate Raphael Warnock, left, and Jon Ossoff in Atlanta.

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