The Morning Call (Sunday)

Immigrants see ugly side of America

Capitol chaos brings back bad memories of their homelands

- By Campbell Robertson and Miriam Jordan

A little more than five years ago, Ahmad Shah Srosh was standing alongside the U.S. soldiers who had come to his country, helping them promote democracy to his fellow Afghans. Hewas called an “infidel” for this work; his brother was murdered because of it. But Srosh saw in the United States an example of the rewards that awaited when true democracy took root.

“Every country follows the democracy of the United States,” Srosh, 31, said from his home in Houston, where he now lives with his wife, Hassina, and two U.S.-born daughters.

Last week, he watched footage of American mobs storming the U.S. Capitol, leading a frenzied parade through the rotunda and ransacking offices. It reminded him of insurgents in his home country, pillaging cultural sites and desecratin­g sanctuarie­s in the name of regime change. It was all so saddening.

Wednesday “was the blackest day for democracy, not just in the United States but the world,” he said. “Those people brought us shame. They tried to show democracy is nothing.”

The overrunnin­g of the Capitol was a shocking sight for Americans, who never thought they would see something like it in their home country. But it triggered a particular­ly complicate­d wave of emotions among immigrants and refugees, especially those who fled from countries wracked by violence and instabilit­y.

Some found it painfully reminiscen­t of what they thought they had left behind, and others wondered what other terrible things could lie ahead. And many, like Srosh, spoke of shame. After years of seeing the United States as a beacon of democracy, these new Americans found themselves asking: Had their new country fallen this low? Or was this what it was all along?

Countries around the world, including some of the very nations that thousands of refugees in America once fled, condemned, gloated or expressed alarm about the events in Washington.

The Turkish Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it believed the country would overcome “this internal political crisis in a mature manner,” but warned Turkish citizens in the

United States to avoid crowded areas nonetheles­s.

The Venezuelan government condemned the “spiral of violence” but expressed hope that it would end soon and “the people of the U.S. can finally open a new path toward stability and social justice.” Russian officials, Iranian leaders and even Muqtada al-Sadr, once the leader of an insurgent militia that was a bitter enemy of the U.S. armed forces in Iraq, all pointed to the scenes at the Capitol as proof of U.S. hypocrisy.

Many immigrants were all too aware of what the world was seeing of their adopted home. Through Facebook, text apps and phone calls, messages have been coming in from friends and family asking what was going on, how it came to this and whether they were safe living in America.

Benedict Killang’s father calls him regularly from South Sudan,

a place Killang left 25 years ago when every day seemed more dangerous and violent than the one before. In recent days and weeks, he has been calling with a growing sense of worry.

“He is just calling to check in,” said Killang, 50, now raising four children in Pittsburgh. “He is saying, ‘The place you are in is not safe.’ ” Particular­ly after Wednesday’s events, Killang cannot fully disagree.

The images of the rioting in Washington are disorienti­ngly far from the idea of the country many immigrants thought they were coming to, a place most of them believed to be of singular stability and openness.

Living for years in a camp for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal, Khara Timsina dreamed of America as a place where he would finally be able to speak freely without fear of retributio­n. It was clearly the greatest, most democratic place on earth, he thought then.

Reality did not quite meet expectatio­ns when he arrived in Pittsburgh 12 years ago. The country was not as welcoming to outsiders as he had pictured. In recent years, as President Donald Trump and others spoke with increasing hostility toward immigrants, he had begun to fear that worse days were coming.

“But not as worse as what I witnessed (last week),” he said. He had found a home in the United States, after being stateless for most of his life, but now, he said, “it’s a shame to be an American.”

Carla Miranda, 34, a lawyer, fled Venezuela in 2013 after receiving death threats for representi­ng people in opposition to former strongman Hugo Chavez. “All these things that happened yesterday brought back bad memories,” she said of the rioters who invaded the Capitol. “It reminded me of the Chavistas. They look a lot like the Chavistas. They followed all these conspiracy theories.”

Miranda said she had never intended to leave her homeland but was forced to flee after receiving death threats. During the past four years in the United States, she has grown increasing­ly uncomforta­ble with the leadership of the president, seeing in many of the hardright Trump loyalists frightenin­g echoes of the paramilita­ry groups — the “colectivos” — through which Chavez imposed his will. The mobattack Wednesday shook her to her core.

“It’s terrifying because I see how challengin­g the next few years will be for us,” she said.

Even some immigrants who had supported Trump, drawn to a sort of tough talk they thought reflected the brutal realities of the world, had already been growing uneasy with how aggressive­ly that tough talk was being used at home. The question for many of them now is how much worse it might become, even after Trump leaves office. No one — neither their fellow immigrants nor their American-born friends — seems to have a good answer.

Late into Wednesday night, Felix Lohitai was texting with friends around the country — both immigrants and homegrown Americans — about the rioting in the nation’s capital.

“The immigrants saw what happened with a feeling of despair,” Lohitai said. “‘Oh we thought this was only happening in our country, and it is happening here.’ Most of the Americans are feeling shame, asking how did we let this happen.”

Lohitai was in neither camp. As a young man he fought as a soldier in South Sudan; when he arrived in the United States as a refugee in his 30s, he studied internatio­nal relations in college. Now he is 56, an American citizen living in Erie, Pennsylvan­ia, with three children in the U.S. armed forces. Very little surprises him anymore.

“I was not shocked, I was not,” he said of the day’s events. He ticked off a long list of strongmen rulers around the world, some he knew about from firsthand experience, some he had studied. They all rose to power in political environmen­ts similar to what the United States has experience­d in the last few years, he said, and they all had certain qualities he now sees in Trump.

“He showed Americans the truth,” Lohitai said. “This is a divided country.”

 ?? AHMADSROSH 2013 ?? Ahmad Shah Srosh, second from left, is seen working as an interprete­r with the U.S. Army in Afghanista­n. Now living in Houston, Srosh called last week’s chaos at the U.S. Capitol“the blackest day for democracy.”
AHMADSROSH 2013 Ahmad Shah Srosh, second from left, is seen working as an interprete­r with the U.S. Army in Afghanista­n. Now living in Houston, Srosh called last week’s chaos at the U.S. Capitol“the blackest day for democracy.”

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