The Progress-Index - - OPINION -

To­day is Thurs­day, Jan. 10, the 10th day of 2019. There are 355 days left in the year. To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Jan. 10, 1863, the Lon­don Un­der­ground had its be­gin­nings as the Metropoli­tan, the world’s first un­der­ground pas­sen­ger rail­way, opened to the pub­lic with ser­vice be­tween Padding­ton and Far­ring­don Street.

On this date:

In 1776, Thomas Paine anony­mously pub­lished his in­flu­en­tial pam­phlet, “Com­mon Sense,” which ar­gued for Amer­i­can in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tish rule. In 1860, the Pem­ber­ton Mill in Lawrence, Mass., col­lapsed and caught fire, killing up to 145 peo­ple, mostly fe­male work­ers from Scot­land and Ire­land.

In 1861, Florida be­came the third state to se­cede from the Union.

In 1870, John D. Rock­e­feller in­cor­po­rated Stan­dard Oil. In 1920, the League of Na­tions was es­tab­lished as the Treaty of Ver­sailles (avehr-SY’) went into ef­fect.

In 1946, the first Gen­eral Assem­bly of the United Na­tions con­vened in Lon­don. The first man­made con­tact with the moon was made as radar sig­nals trans­mit­ted by the U.S. Army Sig­nal Corps were bounced off the lu­nar sur­face. In 1967, Pres­i­dent Lyn­don B. John­son, in his State of the Union ad­dress, asked Congress to im­pose a sur­charge on both cor­po­rate and in­di­vid­ual in­come taxes to help pay for his “Great So­ci­ety” pro­grams as well as the war in Viet­nam. That same day, Mas­sachusetts Repub­li­can Ed­ward W. Brooke, the first black per­son elected to the U.S. Se­nate by pop­u­lar vote, took his seat.

In 1984, the United States and the Vat­i­can es­tab­lished full diplo­matic re­la­tions for the first time in more than a cen­tury.

In 1994, Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton, at­tend­ing a NATO sum­mit meet­ing in Brus­sels, Bel­gium, an­nounced com­ple­tion of an agree­ment to re­move all lon­grange nu­clear mis­siles from the for­mer So­viet repub­lic of Ukraine.

In 2000, Amer­ica On­line an­nounced it was buy­ing Time Warner for $162 bil­lion (the merger, which proved dis­as­trous, ended in De­cem­ber 2009).

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