To­day in his­tory

The Record (Troy, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Mon­day, April 16, the 106th day of 2018. There are 259 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On April 16, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote his “Let­ter from Birm­ing­ham Jail” in which the civil rights ac­tivist re­sponded to a group of local cler­gy­men who had crit­i­cized him for lead­ing street protests; King de­fended his tac­tics, writ­ing, “In­jus­tice any­where is a threat to jus­tice ev­ery­where.”

On this date:

In 1789, Pres­i­dent-elect Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton left Mount Ver­non, Vir­ginia, for his in­au­gu­ra­tion in New York.

In 1818, the U.S. Se­nate rat­i­fied the Rush-Bagot Treaty se­verely lim­it­ing the num­ber of Amer­i­can and Bri­tish mil­i­tary ves­sels on the Great Lakes.

In 1862, dur­ing the Civil War, Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln signed a bill end­ing slav­ery in the District of Columbia. The Con­fed­er­acy con­scripted all white men between the ages of 18 to 35.

In 1912, Amer­i­can avi­a­tor Har­riet Quimby be­came the first woman to fly across the English Chan­nel, leav­ing Dover, Eng­land, and ar­riv­ing near Calais, France, in 59 min­utes.

In 1935, the ra­dio com­edy pro­gram “Fib­ber McGee and Molly” pre­miered on the NBC Blue Net­work.

In 1945, dur­ing World War II, a Soviet sub­ma­rine in the Baltic Sea tor­pe­doed and sank the MV Goya, which Ger­many was us­ing to trans­port civil­ian refugees and wounded sol­diers; it’s es­ti­mated that up to 7,000 people died.

In 1947, the cargo ship Grand­camp, car­ry­ing am­mo­nium ni­trate, blew up in the har­bor in Texas City, Texas; a nearby ship, the High Flyer, which was car­ry­ing am­mo­nium ni­trate and sul­fur, caught fire and ex­ploded the fol­low­ing day; the blasts and fires killed nearly 600 people. At the South Carolina state­house, fi­nancier Bernard M. Baruch de­clared: “Let us not be de­ceived — we are to­day in the midst of a cold war.”

In 1968, Amer­i­can author Edna Fer­ber, whose nov­els in­cluded “So Big,” ‘’Show Boat” and “Gi­ant,” and who col­lab­o­rated with Ge­orge S. Kauf­man on such plays as “Stage Door” and “Din­ner at Eight,” died in New York at age 82.

In 1972, Apollo 16 blasted off on a voy­age to the moon with as­tro­nauts John W. Young, Charles M. Duke Jr. and Ken Mat­tingly on board.

In 1986, dis­pelling ru­mors he was dead, Libyan leader Moam­mar Gad­hafi (MOO’-ah-mar gah-DAH’fee) ap­peared on tele­vi­sion to con­demn the U.S. raid on his coun­try and to say that Libyans were “ready to die” de­fend­ing their nation.

In 1996, Bri­tain’s Prince An­drew and his wife, Sarah, the Duchess of York, an­nounced they were in the process of divorc­ing.

In 2007, in one of Amer­ica’s worst school at­tacks, a Korean-born col­lege se­nior killed 32 people on the cam­pus of Vir­ginia Tech be­fore tak­ing his own life.

Ten years ago: The Supreme Court up­held, 7-2, the most widely used method of lethal in­jec­tion, al­low­ing states to re­sume ex­e­cu­tions af­ter a sev­en­month halt. Pope Bene­dict XVI was wel­comed by Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush as only the sec­ond pon­tiff to visit the White House (af­ter John Paul II) and the first in 29 years. Math­e­ma­ti­cian-me­te­o­rol­o­gist Ed­ward Lorenz, the fa­ther of “chaos the­ory,” died in Cam­bridge, Mas­sachusetts, at age 90.

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