To­day in his­tory

The Record (Troy, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Tues­day, April 17, the 107th day of 2018. There are 258 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On April 17, 1961, some 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban ex­iles launched the dis­as­trous Bay of Pigs in­va­sion of Cuba in an at­tempt to top­ple Fidel Cas­tro, whose forces crushed the in­cur­sion by the third day.

On this date:

In 1492, a con­tract was signed by Christo­pher Colum­bus and a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of Spain’s King Fer­di­nand and Queen Is­abella, giv­ing Colum­bus a com­mis­sion to seek a west­ward ocean pas­sage to Asia.

In 1521, Mar­tin Luther went be­fore the Diet of Worms (vohrms) to face charges stem­ming from his re­li­gious writ­ings. (Luther was later de­clared an out­law by Holy Ro­man Em­peror Charles V.)

In 1861, the Vir­ginia State Con­ven­tion voted to se­cede from the Union.

In 1895, the Treaty of Shi­monoseki ended the first Sino-Ja­panese War.

In 1924, the mo­tion pic­ture stu­dio Metro- Gold­wyn-Mayer was founded, the re­sult of a merger of Metro Pic­tures, Gold­wyn Pic­tures and the Louis B. Mayer Co.

In 1937, car­toon char­ac­ter Daffy Duck made his de­but in the Warner Bros. an­i­mated short “Porky’s Duck Hunt,” di­rected by Tex Avery.

In 1941, Yu­goslavia sur­ren­dered to Ger­many dur­ing World War II.

In 1964, Geral­dine “Jer­rie” Mock be­came the first woman to com­plete a solo air­plane trip around the world as she re­turned to Colum­bus, Ohio, af­ter 29 1/2 days in her Cessna 180. Ford Mo­tor Co. un­veiled the Mus­tang at the New York World’s Fair. The first game was played at New York’s Shea Sta­dium; the Pitts­burgh Pi­rates de­feated the Mets, 4-3.

In 1970, Apollo 13 as­tro­nauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert splashed down safely in the Pa­cific, four days af­ter a rup­tured oxy­gen tank crip­pled their space­craft while en route to the moon.

In 1972, the Bos­ton Marathon al­lowed women to com­pete for the first time; Nina Kusc­sik was the first of­fi­cially rec­og­nized women’s cham­pion, with a time of 3:10:26.

In 1986, at Lon­don’s Heathrow Air­port, a bomb was dis­cov­ered in the bag of Anne-Marie Mur­phy, a preg­nant Ir­ish­woman about to board an El Al jet­liner to Is­rael; she’d been tricked into car­ry­ing the bomb by her Jor­da­nian fi­ance, Nezar Hin­dawi. The bodies of kid­napped Amer­i­can Peter Kil­burn and Bri­tons Philip Pad­field and Leigh Dou­glas were found near Beirut; they had been slain in ap­par­ent re­tal­i­a­tion for the U.S. raid on Libya.

In 1993, a fed­eral jury in Los An­ge­les con­victed two for­mer po­lice of­fi­cers of vi­o­lat­ing the civil rights of beaten mo­torist Rod­ney King; two other of­fi­cers were ac­quit­ted. Turk­ish Pres­i­dent Turgut Ozal died at age 66.

Ten years ago: Pope Bene­dict XVI, dur­ing his visit to Wash­ing­ton, talked and prayed pri­vately with sur­vivors of the clergy sex abuse scan­dal in what’s be­lieved to be a first- ever meet­ing be­tween a pon­tiff and abuse vic­tims. Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Gor­don Brown met at Camp David with Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush; the two lead­ers sought to dis­pel doubts about their re­la­tion­ship, show­ing com­mon ground on a range of is­sues.

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