To­day in his­tory

The Record (Troy, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Thurs­day, June 14, the 165th day of 2018. There are 200 days left in the year. This is Flag Day.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On June 14, 1943, the U.S. Supreme Court, in West Vir­ginia State Board of Ed­u­ca­tion v. Bar­nette, ruled 6-3 that pub­lic school stu­dents could not be forced to salute the flag of the United States.

On this date:

In 1775, the Con­ti­nen­tal Army, fore­run­ner of the United States Army, was cre­ated.

In 1777, the Sec­ond Con­ti­nen­tal Congress ap­proved the de­sign of the orig­i­nal Amer­i­can flag.

In 1801, former Amer­i­can Rev­o­lu­tion­ary War gen­eral and no­to­ri­ous turn­coat Bene­dict Arnold, 60, died in Lon­don.

In 1928, the Repub­li­can Na­tional Con­ven­tion, meet­ing in Kansas City, Mis­souri, nom­i­nated Her­bert Hoover for pres­i­dent on the first bal­lot.

In 1934, Max Baer de­feated Primo Carn­era with an 11th round TKO to win the world heavy­weight box­ing cham­pi­onship in Long Is­land City, New York.

In 1940, Ger­man troops en­tered Paris dur­ing World War II; the same day, the Nazis be­gan trans­port­ing prisoners to the Auschwitz (OWSH’-vitz) con­cen­tra­tion camp in Ger­man-oc­cu­pied Poland.

In 1954, Pres­i­dent Dwight D. Eisen­hower signed a mea­sure adding the phrase “un­der God” to the Pledge of Al­le­giance.

In 1968, Dr. Ben­jamin Spock and three other peace ac­tivists were con­victed in Bos­ton of con­spir­ing to en­cour­age young men to evade the draft dur­ing the Viet­nam War. (The ver­dicts were later over­turned by an ap­peals court.) The Iron But­ter­fly sin­gle “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida” was re­leased by Atco Records.

In 1972, the En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency or­dered a ban on do­mes­tic use of the pes­ti­cide DDT, to take ef­fect at year’s end. In 1982, Argentine forces sur­ren­dered to Bri­tish troops on the dis­puted Falk­land Is­lands. In 1985, the 17-day hi­jack ordeal of TWA Flight 847 be­gan as a pair of Lebanese Shi­ite (SHEE’-eyet) Mus­lim ex­trem­ists seized the jet­liner shortly af­ter take­off from Athens, Greece. In 1993, Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton nom­i­nated Judge Ruth Bader Gins­burg to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. Ten years ago: Iran re­jected a six-na­tion of­fer of in­cen­tives to stop en­rich­ing ura­nium, prompt­ing Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush and French Pres­i­dent Ni­co­las Sarkozy (sar-ko­hZEE’) to jointly warn Tehran anew dur­ing a news con­fer­ence in Paris against pro­ceed­ing to­ward a nuclear bomb. Five years ago: The As­so­ci­ated Press re­ported that Min­nesota res­i­dent Michael Karkoc (KAHR’kahts), 94, had been a top com­man­der of a Nazi SSled unit ac­cused of burn­ing vil­lages filled with women and chil­dren, then lied to Amer­i­can im­mi­gra­tion of­fi­cials to get into the United States af­ter World War II. (Pol­ish au­thor­i­ties are cur­rently seek­ing to ex­tra­dite Karkoc, now 99 years old; Germany shelved its in­ves­ti­ga­tion af­ter de­cid­ing Karkoc was un­fit to stand trial. Karkoc’s fam­ily de­nies he was in­volved in any war crimes.) Ma­jor League Base­ball came down hard on the Los An­ge­les Dodgers and Ari­zona Di­a­mond­backs, hand­ing out eight sus­pen­sions and a dozen fines as pun­ish­ment for a bench-clear­ing brawl on June 11. One year ago: A ri­flewield­ing gun­man opened fire on Repub­li­can law­mak­ers at a con­gres­sional base­ball prac­tice in Alexan­dria, Vir­ginia, wound­ing House Whip Steve Scalise (skuhLEES’) and sev­eral oth­ers; the as­sailant died in a bat­tle with po­lice. Fire ripped through the 24-story Gren­fell Tower in West Lon­don, killing 71 peo­ple.

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