To­day in his­tory

The Record (Troy, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Thurs­day, Aug. 30, the 242nd day of 2018. There are 123 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Au­gust 30, 1963, the “Hot Line” com­mu­ni­ca­tions link be­tween Wash­ing­ton and Moscow went into op­er­a­tion.

On this date:

In 1862, Con­fed­er­ate forces won vic­to­ries against the Union at the Sec­ond Bat­tle of Bull Run in Manas­sas, Vir­ginia, and the Bat­tle of Rich­mond in Ken­tucky.

In 1941, dur­ing World War II, Ger­man forces ap­proach­ing Len­ingrad cut off the re­main­ing rail line out of the city.

In 1945, U.S. Gen. Dou­glas MacArthur ar­rived in Japan to set up Al­lied oc­cu­pa­tion head­quar­ters.

In 1967, the Se­nate con­firmed the ap­point­ment of Thur­good Mar­shall as the first black jus­tice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1983, Guion S. Blu­ford Jr. be­came the first black Amer­i­can astro­naut to travel in space as he blasted off aboard the Chal­lenger.

In 1984, the space shut­tle Dis­cov­ery was launched on its in­au­gu­ral flight.

In 1986, Soviet au­thor­i­ties ar­rested Nicholas Daniloff, a cor­re­spon­dent for U.S. News and World Re­port, as a spy a week af­ter Amer­i­can of­fi­cials ar­rested Gen­nadiy Zakharov, a Soviet em­ployee of the United Na­tions, on es­pi­onage charges in New York. (Both men were later re­leased.)

In 1989, a fed­eral jury in New York found “ho­tel queen” Leona Helm­s­ley guilty of in­come tax eva­sion, but ac­quit­ted her of ex­tor­tion. (Helm­s­ley ended up serv­ing 18 months be­hind bars, a month at a half­way house and two months un­der house ar­rest.)

In 1991, Azer­bai­jan (ahzur-by-JAHN’) de­clared its in­de­pen­dence, join­ing the stam­pede of re­publics seek­ing to se­cede from the Soviet Union.

In 1997, Amer­i­cans re­ceived word of the car crash in Paris that claimed the lives of Princess Diana, her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed, and their driver, Henri Paul. (Be­cause of the time dif­fer­ence, it was Au­gust 31 where the crash oc­curred.)

In 2005, a day af­ter Hur­ri­cane Ka­t­rina hit, floods were cov­er­ing 80 per­cent of New Or­leans, loot­ing con­tin­ued to spread and res­cuers in he­li­copters and boats picked up hun­dreds of stranded peo­ple.

In 2007, in a se­ri­ous breach of nu­clear se­cu­rity, a B-52 bomber armed with six nu­clear war­heads flew cross- coun­try un­no­ticed; the Air Force later pun­ished 70 peo­ple.

Ten years ago: Hur­ri­cane Gus­tav slammed into Cuba as a mon­strous Cat­e­gory 4 storm, dam­ag­ing 100,000 homes and caus­ing bil­lions of dol­lars in dam­age, but no re­ported fa­tal­i­ties. Pro wrestling pi­o­neer Wal­ter “Killer” Kowal­ski died in Everett, Mass., at age 81.

Five years ago: In­done­sia’s high­est court up­held a death sen­tence for Lind­say San­di­ford, a Bri­tish woman con­victed of smug­gling $2.5 mil­lion worth of co­caine into the re­sort is­land of Bali. Sea­musHeaney, 74, whowon the No­bel Prize for lit­er­a­ture and gained a global rep­u­ta­tion as Ire­land’s great­est poet since Wil­liam But­ler Yates, died in Dublin.

One year ago: The for­mer Hur­ri­cane Har­vey com­pleted a U-turn in the Gulf of Mex­ico and rolled ashore for the sec­ond time in six days, hit­ting south­west­ern Louisiana as a trop­i­cal storm with heavy rains and winds of 45 miles an hour. Flood­wa­ters be­gan to re­cede in Hous­ton, where thou­sands of homes were flooded.

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