Moments in time
The History Channel
• On July 14, 1099, during the First Crusade, Christian knights from Europe capture Jerusalem after seven weeks of siege and begin massacring the city’s Muslim and Jewish population.
• On July 11, 1656, Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, two Englishwomen, become the first Quakers to immigrate to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Their liberal teachings enraged the Puritan colonial government and they were arrested and jailed. After five years in prison, they were deported.
• On July 12, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signs into law a measure calling for the awarding of a U.S. Army Medal of Honor. The previous December, Lincoln had approved a provision creating a U.S. Navy Medal of Valor. To date more than 3,400 men and one woman have received the Medal of Honor.
• On July 8, 1951, Paris, the capital city of France, celebrates turning 2,000 years old. However, the City of Lights was most likely founded around 250 B.C., when a Gallic tribe known as the Parisii settled an island (Ile de la Cite) in the Seine River, which runs through present-day Paris.
• On July 9, 1962, Bob Dylan records “Blowin’ in the Wind,” although it wouldn’t be released for another year. The most well-known version was done by Peter, Paul and Mary, which became a hit.
• On July 10, 1985, in Auckland harbor in New Zealand, Greenpeace’s Rainbow Warrior sinks after French agents in diving gear plant a bomb on the ship’s hull. Although French authorities denied responsibility, a British newspaper later uncovered evidence of French President Francois Mitterrand’s authorization of the bombing plan.
• On July 13, 1990, the romantic-thriller “Ghost” opens in theaters. The film, about a woman who communicates with her murdered husband through a sassy psychic, was a box-office hit and received multiple Academy Award nominations.