To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Thurs­day, June 27, the 178th day of 2019. There are 187 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On June 27, 1991, Supreme Court Jus­tice Thurgood Mar­shall, the first black ju­rist to sit on the na­tion’s high­est court, an­nounced his re­tire­ment. (His de­par­ture led to the con­tentious nom­i­na­tion of Clarence Thomas to suc­ceed him.)

On this date:

In 1844, Mor­mon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Illi­nois.

In 1846, New York and Bos­ton were linked by tele­graph wires.

In 1880, au­thor-lec­turer He­len Keller, who lived most of her life with­out sight or hear­ing, was born in Tus­cumbia, Alabama.

In 1905, the In­dus­trial Work­ers of the World was founded in Chicago.

In 1944, dur­ing World War II, Amer­i­can forces lib­er­ated the French port of Cher­bourg (SHEHR’-boorg) from the Ger­mans.

In 1957, Hur­ri­cane Au­drey slammed into coastal Louisiana and Texas as a Cat­e­gory 4 storm; the of­fi­cial death toll from the storm was placed at 390, al­though a va­ri­ety of state, fed­eral and lo­cal sources have es­ti­mated the num­ber of fa­tal­i­ties at be­tween 400 and 600.

In 1974, Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon opened an of­fi­cial visit to the Soviet Union.

In 1984, the Supreme Court ended the Na­tional Col­le­giate Ath­letic As­so­ci­a­tion’s monopoly on con­trol­ling col­lege foot­ball tele­casts, rul­ing such con­trol vi­o­lated an­titrust law.

In 1988, at least 56 peo­ple were killed when a com­muter train ran into a sta­tion­ary train at the Gare de Lyon ter­mi­nal in Paris. In 1988, Mike Tyson re­tained the undis­puted heavy­weight crown as he knocked out Michael Spinks 91 sec­onds into the first round of a cham­pi­onship fight in At­lantic City, New Jersey.

In 1990, NASA an­nounced that a flaw in the or­bit­ing Hub­ble Space Tele­scope was pre­vent­ing the in­stru­ment from achiev­ing op­ti­mum fo­cus. (The prob­lem was traced to a mir­ror that had not been ground to ex­act spec­i­fi­ca­tions; cor­rec­tive op­tics were later in­stalled to fix the prob­lem.)

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