TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Thurs­day, Nov. 14, the 318th day of 2019. There are 47 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Nov. 14, 1972, the Dow Jones In­dus­trial Av­er­age closed above the 1,000 level for the first time, end­ing the day at 1,003.16. On this date: In 1862, dur­ing the Civil War, Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln gave the go-ahead for Maj. Gen. Am­brose Burn­side’s plan to cap­ture the Con­fed­er­ate cap­i­tal of Rich­mond; the resulting Bat­tle of Fred­er­icks­burg proved a dis­as­ter for the Union.

In 1907, two renowned chil­dren’s au­thors were born: Wil­liam Steig (styg) (“Shrek”) in New York, Astrid Lind­gren (“Pippi Long­stock­ing”) near Vim­merby, Swe­den.

In 1910, Eugene B. Ely be­came the first avi­a­tor to take off from a ship as his Cur­tiss pusher rolled off a slop­ing plat­form on the deck of the scout cruiser USS Birm­ing­ham off Hampton Roads, Vir­ginia.

In 1940, dur­ing World War II, Ger­man planes de­stroyed most of the English town of Coven­try.

In 1943, Leonard Bern­stein (BURN’-styn), the 25-yearold as­sis­tant con­duc­tor of the New York Phil­har­monic, made his de­but with the orches­tra as he filled in for the ailing Bruno Wal­ter dur­ing a na­tion­ally broad­cast con­cert.

In 1965, the U.S. Army’s first ma­jor mil­i­tary op­er­a­tion of the Viet­nam War be­gan with the start of the five-day Bat­tle of Ia Drang. (The fight­ing be­tween Amer­i­can troops and North Viet­namese forces ended on Nov. 18 with both sides claim­ing victory.)

In 1969, Apollo 12 blasted off for the moon.

In 1970, a char­tered South­ern Air­ways DC-9 crashed while try­ing to land in West Vir­ginia, killing all 75 peo­ple on board, in­clud­ing the Mar­shall Univer­sity foot­ball team and its coach­ing staff.

In 1986, the Se­cu­ri­ties and Ex­change Com­mis­sion im­posed a $100 mil­lion penalty on in­side-trader Ivan F. Boesky and barred him from work­ing again in the se­cu­ri­ties industry.

In 1996, Car­di­nal Joseph Bernardin (BURN’-uh-deen), the se­nior Ro­man Catholic prelate in the United States and leader of Chicago’s 2.3 mil­lion Catholics, died at his home at age 68. Singer Michael Jack­son mar­ried his plas­tic sur­geon’s nurse, Deb­bie Rowe, in a ceremony in Syd­ney, Aus­tralia. (Rowe filed for di­vorce in 1999.)

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