Today in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

Today is Mon­day, Dec. 2, the 336th day of 2019. There are 29 days left in the year.

Today’s High­light in His­tory:

On Dec. 2, 1859, mil­i­tant abo­li­tion­ist John Brown was hanged for his raid on Harpers Ferry the pre­vi­ous Oc­to­ber. On this date: In 1816, the first sav­ings bank in the United States, the Philadel­phia Sav­ings Fund So­ci­ety, opened for busi­ness.

In 1823, Pres­i­dent James Mon­roe out­lined his doc­trine op­pos­ing Euro­pean ex­pan­sion in the West­ern Hemi­sphere.

In 1942, an ar­ti­fi­cially cre­ated, self-sus­tain­ing nu­clear chain re­ac­tion was demon­strated for the first time at the Univer­sity of Chicago.

In 1954, the U.S. Se­nate passed, 67-22, a res­o­lu­tion con­demn­ing Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., say­ing he had “acted con­trary to sen­a­to­rial ethics and tended to bring the Se­nate into dis­honor and dis­re­pute.”

In 1957, the Ship­ping­port Atomic Power Sta­tion in Penn­syl­va­nia, the first full-scale com­mer­cial nu­clear fa­cil­ity in the U.S., be­gan op­er­a­tions. (The re­ac­tor ceased op­er­at­ing in 1982.)

In 1969, the Boe­ing 747 jumbo jet got its first pub­lic pre­view as 191 peo­ple, most of them re­porters and pho­tog­ra­phers, flew from Seat­tle to New York City.

In 1970, the newly cre­ated En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency opened its doors un­der its first di­rec­tor, Wil­liam D. Ruck­elshaus.

In 1980, four Amer­i­can church­women were raped and mur­dered in El Sal­vador. (Five na­tional guards­men were con­victed in the killings.)

In 1982, in the first oper­a­tion of its kind, doc­tors at the Univer­sity of Utah Med­i­cal Cen­ter im­planted a per­ma­nent ar­ti­fi­cial heart in the chest of re­tired den­tist Dr. Bar­ney Clark, who lived 112 days with the de­vice.

In 1990, com­poser Aaron Co­p­land died in North Tar­ry­town, New York, at age 90. Ac­tor Bob Cum­mings died in Wood­land Hills, Cal­i­for­nia, at age 80.

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