To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Tues­day, Dec. 3, the 337th day of 2019. There are 28 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Dec. 3, 1979, 11 peo­ple were killed in a crush of fans at Cincin­nati’s River­front Coli­seum, where the Bri­tish rock group The Who was per­form­ing.

On this date:

In 1818, Illi­nois was ad­mit­ted as the 21st state.

In 1828, An­drew Jack­son was elected pres­i­dent of the United States by the Elec­toral Col­lege.

In 1960, the Lerner and Loewe mu­si­cal “Camelot,” star­ring Julie An­drews as Guen­e­vere, Richard Bur­ton as King Arthur and Robert Goulet as Lancelot, opened on Broad­way.

In 1964, po­lice ar­rested some 800 stu­dents at the Univer­sity of Cal­i­for­nia at Berke­ley, one day af­ter the stu­dents stormed the ad­min­is­tra­tion build­ing and staged a mas­sive sit-in.

In 1967, a sur­gi­cal team in Cape Town, South Africa, led by Dr. Chris­ti­aan Barnard (BAHR’-nard) per­formed the first hu­man heart transplant on Louis Washkan­sky, who lived 18 days with the donor or­gan, which came from Denise Dar­vall, a 25-year-old bank clerk who had died in a traf­fic ac­ci­dent.

In 1980, Ber­na­dine Dohrn, a for­mer leader of the rad­i­cal Weather Un­der­ground, sur­ren­dered to au­thor­i­ties in Chicago af­ter more than a decade as a fugi­tive.

In 1984, thou­sands of peo­ple died af­ter a cloud of methyl iso­cyanate gas es­caped from a pes­ti­cide plant op­er­ated by a Union Car­bide sub­sidiary in Bhopal, In­dia.

In 1991, rad­i­cals in Le­banon re­leased Amer­i­can hostage Alann Steen, who’d been held cap­tive nearly five years.

In 1992, the first telephone text mes­sage was sent by Bri­tish engi­neer Neil Pap­worth, who trans­mit­ted the greet­ing “Merry Christ­mas” from his work com­puter in New­bury, Berk­shire, to Voda­fone ex­ec­u­tive Richard Jarvis’ mo­bile phone. The Greek tanker Aegean Sea spilled more than 21 mil­lion gal­lons of crude oil when it ran aground off north­west­ern Spain.

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