To­day in history

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Satur­day, Dec. 7, the 341st day of 2019. There are 24 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in History:

On Dec. 7, 1941, Ja­pan launched a sur­prise at­tack on the U.S. Navy base at Pearl Har­bor in Hawaii as part of its plan to con­quer South­east Asian ter­ri­to­ries; the raid, which claimed some 2,400 Amer­i­can lives, prompted the United States to de­clare war against Ja­pan the next day.

On this date:

In 43 B.C., Ro­man states­man and scholar Mar­cus Tul­lius Cicero was slain at the or­der of the Sec­ond Tri­umvi­rate.

In 1787, Delaware be­came the first state to rat­ify the U.S. Constituti­on.

In 1796, elec­tors chose John Adams to be the sec­ond pres­i­dent of the United States.

In 1909, in his State of the Union ad­dress, Pres­i­dent Wil­liam Howard Taft de­fended the de­ci­sion to base U.S. naval op­er­a­tions in the Pa­cific at Pearl Har­bor in Hawaii, in­stead of in the Philip­pines.

In 1911, China abol­ished the re­quire­ment that men wear their hair in a queue, or pony­tail.

In 1917, dur­ing World War I, the United States de­clared war on Aus­tria-Hun­gary.

In 1972, Amer­ica’s last moon mis­sion to date was launched as Apollo 17 blasted off from Cape Canaveral. Imelda Mar­cos, wife of Philip­pine Pres­i­dent Fer­di­nand E. Mar­cos, was stabbed and se­ri­ously wounded by an as­sailant who was shot dead by her body­guards.

In 1982, con­victed mur­derer Char­lie Brooks Jr. be­came the first U.S. pris­oner to be ex­e­cuted by in­jec­tion, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas.

In 1987, 43 peo­ple were killed af­ter a gun­man aboard a Pa­cific South­west Air­lines jet­liner in Cal­i­for­nia ap­par­ently opened fire on a fel­low pas­sen­ger, the pi­lots and him­self, caus­ing the plane to crash. Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gor­bachev set foot on Amer­i­can soil for the first time, ar­riv­ing for a Washington sum­mit with Pres­i­dent Ron­ald Rea­gan.

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