To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Wed­nes­day, Dec. 11, the 345th day of 2019. There are 20 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Dec. 11, 2001, in the first crim­i­nal in­dict­ment stem­ming from 9/11, fed­eral prose­cu­tors charged Zacarias Mous­saoui (zak-uhREE’-uhs moo-SOW’-ee), a French cit­i­zen of Moroc­can de­scent, with con­spir­ing to mur­der thou­sands in the sui­cide hi­jack­ings. (Mous­saoui pleaded guilty to con­spir­acy in 2005 and was sen­tenced to life in prison.)

On this date:

In 1792, France’s King Louis XVI went be­fore the Convention to face charges of trea­son. (Louis was con­victed and ex­e­cuted the fol­low­ing month.)

In 1816, In­di­ana be­came the 19th state.

In 1844, the first ex­per­i­men­tal use of an in­haled anes­thetic in den­tistry took place as Dr. Ho­race Wells of Hart­ford, Con­necti­cut, un­der the in­flu­ence of ni­trous ox­ide, had a col­league ex­tract one of his teeth.

In 1917, Bri­tish Gen. Ed­mund Al­lenby en­tered Jerusalem

two days after his forces ex­pelled the Ot­toman Turks.

In 1936, Bri­tain’s King Ed­ward VIII ab­di­cated the throne so he could marry Amer­i­can di­vorcee Wal­lis Warfield Simp­son; his brother, Prince Al­bert, be­came King Ge­orge VI.

In 1941, Ger­many and Italy de­clared war on the United States; the U.S. re­sponded in kind.

In 1972, Apollo 17’s lu­nar mod­ule landed on the moon with as­tro­nauts Eu­gene Cer­nan and Har­ri­son Sch­mitt aboard; they be­came the last two men to date to step onto the lu­nar sur­face.

In 1980, Pres­i­dent Jimmy Carter signed leg­is­la­tion cre­at­ing a $1.6 bil­lion en­vi­ron­men­tal “su­per­fund” to pay for clean­ing up chem­i­cal spills and toxic waste dumps. “Mag­num P.I.,” star­ring Tom Sel­leck, pre­miered on CBS.

In 1997, more than 150 coun­tries agreed at a global warm­ing con­fer­ence in Ky­oto, Ja­pan, to con­trol the Earth’s green­house gases.

In 2004, doc­tors in Aus­tria said that Ukrainian pres­i­den­tial can­di­date Vik­tor Yushchenko had been poi­soned with dioxin, which caused the se­vere dis­fig­ure­ment and par­tial paral­y­sis of his face.

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