To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Satur­day, Dec. 21, the 355th day of 2019. There are 10 days left in the year. Win­ter ar­rives at 11:19 p.m. Eastern time.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Dec. 21, 1988, 270 peo­ple were killed when a ter­ror­ist bomb ex­ploded aboard a Pam Am Boe­ing 747 over Locker­bie, Scot­land, send­ing wreck­age crash­ing to the ground.

On this date:

In 1620, Pil­grims aboard the Mayflower went ashore for the first time at present­day Ply­mouth, Mas­sachusetts.

In 1861, Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln signed a con­gres­sional act au­tho­riz­ing the Navy Medal of Honor.

In 1864, dur­ing the Civil War, Union forces led by Maj. Gen. Wil­liam T. Sher­man con­cluded their “March to the Sea” as they cap­tured Sa­van­nah, Ge­or­gia.

In 1891, the first bas­ket­ball game, de­vised by James Nai­smith, is be­lieved to have been played at the In­ter­na­tional

YMCA Train­ing School in Spring­field, Mas­sachusetts. (The fi­nal score of this ex­per­i­men­tal game: 1-0.)

In 1913, the first news­pa­per cross­word puz­zle, billed as a “Word-Cross Puz­zle,” was pub­lished in the New York World.

In 1914, the U.S. gov­ern­ment be­gan re­quir­ing pass­port ap­pli­cants to pro­vide pho­to­graphs of them­selves.

In 1945, U.S. Army Gen. Ge­orge S. Pat­ton, 60, died in Hei­del­berg, Ger­many, 12 days af­ter be­ing se­ri­ously in­jured in a car ac­ci­dent.

In 1967, Louis Washkan­sky, the first hu­man heart trans­plant re­cip­i­ent, died at a hospi­tal in Cape Town, South Africa, 18 days af­ter re­ceiv­ing the donor or­gan. The satir­i­cal com­edy-drama “The Grad­u­ate,” star­ring Anne Ban­croft and Dustin Hoff­man, was re­leased by Em­bassy Pic­tures.

In 1968, Apollo 8 was launched on a mis­sion to or­bit the moon.

In 1969, Vince Lom­bardi coached his last foot­ball game as his team, the Wash­ing­ton Red­skins, lost to the Dal­las Cow­boys, 20-10.

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