To­day in his­tory

The Saratogian (Saratoga, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

To­day is Mon­day, Dec. 30, the 364th day of 2019. There is one day left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory:

On Dec. 30, 1922, Vladimir Lenin pro­claimed the es­tab­lish­ment of the Union of Soviet So­cial­ist Re­publics, which lasted nearly seven decades be­fore dis­solv­ing in December 1991. On this date: In 1813, Bri­tish troops burned Buf­falo, New York, dur­ing the War of 1812.

In 1853, the United States and Mex­ico signed a treaty un­der which the U.S. agreed to buy some 45,000 square miles of land from Mex­ico for $10 mil­lion in a deal known as the Gads­den Pur­chase.

In 1860, 10 days after South Carolina se­ceded from the Union, the state mili­tia seized the United States Arse­nal in Charleston.

In 1903, about 600 peo­ple died when fire broke out at the re­cently opened Iro­quois The­ater in Chicago.

In 1936, the United Auto Work­ers union staged its first “sit-down” strike at the General Mo­tors Fisher

Body Plant No. 1 in Flint, Michi­gan. (The strike lasted un­til Feb. 11, 1937.)

In 1940, Cal­i­for­nia’s first free­way, the Ar­royo Seco Park­way con­nect­ing Los Angeles and Pasadena, was of­fi­cially opened by Gov. Cul­bert L. Ol­son.

In 1942, a near-riot of bobby-sox­ers greeted the open­ing of Frank Si­na­tra’s singing en­gage­ment at the Paramount The­ater in New York’s Times Square.

In 1972, the United States halted its heavy bomb­ing of North Viet­nam.

In 1979, Broad­way com­poser Richard Rodgers died in New York at age 77.

In 1989, a Northwest Air­lines DC-10, which had been the tar­get of a tele­phoned threat, flew safely from Paris to Detroit with 22 pas­sen­gers amid ex­tratight se­cu­rity.

In 1997, a deadly mas­sacre in Al­ge­ria’s in­sur­gency be­gan in four moun­tain vil­lages as armed men killed women and children in an at­tack that lasted from dusk un­til dawn the fol­low­ing morning; up to 412 deaths were re­ported.

In 2006, a state fu­neral ser­vice was held in the U.S. Capi­tol Ro­tunda for for­mer Pres­i­dent Ger­ald R. Ford.

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