The Standard Journal

What to do if you have a concussion


July 21

New infections: 35, with a seven day average of 11.9 per day.

New infections in the past two weeks: 248 (PCr+antigen)

Positivity rate: 5.4%

Hospitaliz­ations: 18

Deaths: 1, total of 196 confirmed and 45 probable.

Aug. 4

New infections: 34, with a seven day average of 18.1 per day.

New infections in the past two weeks: 235 (PCr+antigen)

Positivity rate: 8.4%

Hospitaliz­ations: 47

Deaths: 0, total of 197 confirmed deaths and 45 probable.

Source: georgia department of Public health, Floyd County emergency Management agency.

As student athletes return to class, there is one topic that students, parents, educators and caregivers need to be aware of — concussion­s.

A concussion is an injury to the brain that can be caused by a blow to the head or a sharp movement of the head and neck. This causes the brain to move inside of the skull, resulting in damage to the brain. This damage can affect how the brain processes informatio­n and the signals that it sends to the rest of the body.

Concussion­s are serious medical conditions that should be treated with the utmost care.

Facts about concussion­s

If suspected of a head injury athletes should NOT participat­e in any physical activity until they are cleared by a medical profession­al.

Just because you did not lose consciousn­ess does not mean that you do not have a concussion.

Imaging such as a CT scan or an MRI is not usually necessary.

Headache is the most common symptom, but you do not have to have a headache to have a concussion.

When should I call a doctor?

If the symptoms worsen. If you hit your head again.

If you have trouble completing assignment­s and tasks. Concussion­s can change the brain and slow down the processing speed. This may mean that your child needs longer to complete assignment­s and tasks.

Concussion symptoms

Concussion­s can be marked by several symptoms, so sometimes you might recognize how injured you really are. Remember, a headache is not always a symptom. Here is a complete list of possible symptoms:

Loss of consciousn­ess Headache Pressure in head Neck pain Nausea or vomiting Dizziness Blurred or double vision Balance problems Sensitive to light Sensitive to noise

Feeling slowed down Feeling “in a fog” “Don’t feel right” Difficulty concentrat­ing Difficulty rememberin­g Fatigue or low energy Confusion Drowsiness Trouble falling asleep

More emotional Irritabili­ty Sadness Nervous Anxious

If you are experienci­ng any of these symptoms, or your symptoms are increasing, call your doctor.

Frequently asked questions

Yes. While it has been said for a long time that a person with a concussion should not be allowed to sleep, research shows if a person is alert and holding a conversati­on and their symptoms are not worsening, they can sleep.

If you experience one or more of the following symptoms after a head injury, or if the symptoms worsen, seek medical help immediatel­y:

Initial improvemen­t followed by worsening symptoms

Bleeding or clear fluid from the ears/nose

Weakness or inability to move limbs

One pupil bigger than the other Slurring of speech Convulsion­s or seizures Blurred or loss of vision Very drowsy or cannot be awakened

Based on severity, the symptoms can take days, weeks, or months to disappear. There are many recovery guidelines that will decrease the healing time: Limit activity. Keep surroundin­gs calm and quiet.

Seek medical advice (and follow it).

Avoid visual and sensory stimuli, including video games and loud music.

Stay off your cell phone

During the first 24 hours no medication should be used because it can mask the symptoms of the concussion. Never take ibuprofen or aspirin with a head injury. If you choose to provide medication for headache, acetaminop­hen (Tylenol) is best.

 ??  ?? Laurie Thompson
Laurie Thompson

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