TO­DAY IN HISTORY

The Star Democrat - - OPINION -

To­day is Fri­day, Jan. 11, the 11th day of 2019. There are 354 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in History:

On Jan. 11, 1913, the first en­closed sedan-type au­to­mo­bile, a Hud­son, went on dis­play at the 13th Na­tional Au­to­mo­bile Show in New York.

On this date:

In 1861, Alabama be­came the fourth state to with­draw from the Union.

In 1908, Pres­i­dent Theodore Roo­sevelt pro­claimed the Grand Canyon Na­tional Mon­u­ment (it be­came a na­tional park in 1919).

In 1935, avi­a­tor Amelia Earhart be­gan an 18-hour trip from Honolulu to Oak­land, Calif., that made her the first per­son to fly solo across any part of the Pa­cific Ocean.

In 1939, Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Neville Cham­ber­lain and Lord Hal­i­fax, the Bri­tish for­eign sec­re­tary, met with Ital­ian leader Ben­ito Mus­solini in Rome.

In 1963, the Bea­tles’ sin­gle “Please Please Me” (B side “Ask Me Why”) was re­leased in Bri­tain by Par­lophone.

In 1964, U.S. Sur­geon Gen­eral Luther Terry is­sued “Smok­ing and Health,” a re­port which con­cluded that “cig­a­rette smok­ing con­trib­utes sub­stan­tially to mor­tal­ity from cer­tain spe­cific dis­eases and to the over­all death rate.”

In 1977, France set off an in­ter­na­tional up­roar by re­leas­ing Abu Daoud, a PLO of­fi­cial be­hind the mas­sacre of Is­raeli ath­letes at the 1972 Mu­nich Olympics.

In 1978, two Soviet cos­mo­nauts aboard the Soyuz 27 cap­sule linked up with the Sa­lyut 6 or­bit­ing space sta­tion, where the Soyuz 26 cap­sule was al­ready docked.

In 1989, nine days be­fore leav­ing the White House, Pres­i­dent Ron­ald Rea­gan bade the na­tion farewell in a prime-time ad­dress, say­ing of his eight years in of­fice: “We meant to change a na­tion and in­stead we changed a world.”

In 1995, 51 peo­ple were killed when a Colom­bian DC-9 jet­liner crashed as it was pre­par­ing to land near the Caribbean re­sort of Carta­gena — how­ever, 9-year-old Erika Del­gado sur­vived.

In 2003, call­ing the death penalty process “ar­bi­trary and capri­cious, and there­fore im­moral,” Illi­nois Gov. Ge­orge Ryan com­muted the sen­tences of 167 con­demned in­mates, clear­ing his state’s death row two days be­fore leav­ing of­fice.

In 2010, Miep Gies, the Dutch of­fice sec­re­tary who de­fied Nazi oc­cu­piers to hide Anne Frank and her fam­ily for two years and saved the teenager’s di­ary, died at age 100.

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