Today is Saturday, Dec. 8, the 342nd day of 2018. There are 23 days left in the year.
In 1813, Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92, was first performed in Vienna, with Beethoven himself conducting.
In 1854, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the Catholic dogma of the Immaculate Conception, which holds that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was free of original sin from the moment of her own conception.
In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued his Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction for the South.
In 1972, a United Airlines Boeing 737 crashed while attempting to land at Chicagomidway Airport, killing 43 of the 61 people on board, as well as two people on the ground.