Black women are es­pe­cially an­gry.

The Washington Post Sunday - - OUTLOOK -

This is a trope. “Con­grat­u­la­tions to Max­ine Wa­ters, whose crazy rants have made her, to­gether with Nancy Pelosi, the un­hinged FACE of the Demo­crat Party,” Pres­i­dent Trump tweeted in July. In schools, a 2017 re­port by the Na­tional Women’s Law Cen­ter found, black girls are 5.5 times more likely to be sus­pended than their white fe­male peers. A racist Aus­tralian news­pa­per car­toon de­picted Ser­ena Wil­liams’s quar­rel with a U.S. Open um­pire, which helped cause her de­feat in the fi­nal last week­end, as a tantrum.

But a 2009 study found that black women ex­hib­ited no more or less anger than a con­trol group. And in that Esquire/NBC sur­vey, 56 per­cent of blacks and 66 per­cent of His­pan­ics re­ported get­ting an­gry at least once a day, com­pared with 73 per­cent of whites. Fifty-eight per­cent of white women said they’d ex­pe­ri­enced in­creas­ing anger over the course of the pre­vi­ous year; only 44 per­cent of non­white women said the same. “There is no mean­ing­ful dif­fer­ence be­tween black and white women in re­ports of el­e­vated anger,” con­cluded the most re­cent study, con­ducted by Elle mag­a­zine this year.

Mi­croag­gres­sions against black women do ap­pear to raise stress and anger, but, largely be­cause of ex­pe­ri­ence in nav­i­gat­ing that form of dis­crim­i­na­tion, black women are more likely to sup­press dis­plays of anger to avoid be­ing pe­nal­ized for seem­ing emo­tional and ir­ra­tional.

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