The Washington Post

Claims that nuke test site was destroyed:

No nuclear experts were allowed to view the blast, making it hard to assess

- BY ANNA FIFIELD anna.fifield@washpost.com

The North says it set off explosions to destroy undergroun­d tunnels.

tokyo — North Korea claimed Thursday it destroyed its key nuclear weapons testing site, setting off explosions to collapse undergroun­d tunnels hours before President Trump called off a planned June 12 summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

The North had used the site, tucked into a remote, mountainou­s area, to detonate six increasing­ly large nuclear bombs over 11 years.

The apparent demolition was widely seen as a diplomatic gesture toward Washington, even as it remained unclear whether the made-for-TV blasts marked any significan­t change in the North’s nuclear capabiliti­es.

Now, however, the timing of Trump’s cancellati­on is likely to add new tensions and uncertaint­y on the Korean Peninsula after groundbrea­king overtures by the North with the United States and ally South Korea.

In calling off the summit with Kim in Singapore, Trump cited “open hostility” by North Korea in criticizin­g recent U.S. comments about efforts to dismantle the North’s nuclear weapons program.

The fact that Kim’s regime went ahead with the destructio­n of the Punggye-ri nuclear testing site appeared to signal it was still willing to embark on a diplomatic journey with the United States.

Trump’s statement in a letter to Kim left open the prospect the two could meet in the future but said a summit was “inappropri­ate, at this time.”

Early Friday, North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Kim Gye Gwan issued a conciliato­ry statement, saying the regime was ready to meet with the United States “at any time.”

Trump’s decision did not match with “the world’s desire,” Kim said in the statement published by the North’s official Korean Central News Agency. A summit is urgently needed to deal with the “grave hostilitie­s” in the relationsh­ip between North Korea and the United States, the statement said.

“Leader Kim Jong Un had focused every effort on his meeting with President Trump,” the vice foreign minister said.

Journalist­s brought to the North’s testing site reported powerful blasts there. But the Kim regime did not allow any experts to observe the events, making it difficult to assess what exactly it had done. Most analysts remain highly doubtful North Korea is really prepared to give up its nuclear weapons program.

But at least to the untrained eye, the regime appeared to make good on its promise to close the testing site. Journalist­s were invited as witnesses from Britain, China, Russia, South Korea and the United States.

“There was a huge explosion; you could feel it,” said Tom Cheshire of Sky News, a British broadcaste­r, describing one of the detonation­s, which he witnessed from about 500 yards away. “Dust came at you, the heat came at you. It was extremely loud. It blew an observatio­n tower to complete smithereen­s.”

The reporters were unable to immediatel­y send images because of a lack of Internet or cell access.

Restrictio­ns on the journalist­s were tight on their 300-mile journey — involving a 12-hour train ride and then four hours on a bus, followed by an hour hiking through the mountains.

A Russian journalist reported that the window blinds on the train were secured so they could not see out.

North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Institute declared Thursday night that the site was no longer usable.

“Dismantlin­g the nuclear test ground was done in such a way as to make all the tunnels of the test ground collapse by explosion and completely close the tunnel entrances,” a deputy director at the institute said, according to state media.

No radiation leaked from the site, and the explosions did not cause any environmen­tal damage, it said, statements that could not be independen­tly verified. The journalist­s had their dosimeters confiscate­d so they could not check for radiation.

The Punggye-ri testing site consisted of a series of tunnels under the mountains in the northeast of the country, which were accessed through four portals.

The first tunnel to be blown up was through the north portal, the location of the last five nuclear tests. The most recent test, conducted in September, was widely considered to have been a hydrogen explosion.

Since that test, there have been suggestion­s Mount Mantap might be suffering from “tired mountain syndrome,” and experts said the north portal tunnels had become unusable.

Those tunnels were destroyed with dynamite at about 11 a.m. local time, according to South Korean pool reports from the scene.

However, the west and south portals had never been used, and experts said they were still considered viable for future tests. The west portal was blown up shortly after 2 p.m., and the southern one at 4 p.m. Then barracks, observatio­n towers and other buildings were destroyed, according to the reports.

The east portal, through which North Korea conducted its first nuclear test, in 2006, has been abandoned for more than a decade and is no longer accessible.

There remains a considerab­le amount of skepticism about Thursday’s events, given that North Korea invited foreign media to film the spectacula­r destructio­n of the cooling tower at the Yongbyon nuclear plant in 2008, part of a denucleari­zation deal that was meant to cut off North Korea’s access to plutonium.

The images looked impressive at the time — then it transpired a couple of years later that North Korea had been building a huge uranium-enrichment facility all the while, giving it another source of fissile material.

Still, analysts said Thursday’s demolition was a move in the right direction, even if it was little more than a gesture.

“This will be highly symbolic and a diplomatic first step,” said Frank Pabian, a former nuclear nonprolife­ration and satellite imagery expert at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. “But in and of itself, it won’t change anything about North Korea’s nuclear capabiliti­es.”

Although no nuclear experts were allowed to attend the event, Pabian, who now writes for the specialist website 38 North, said officials from organizati­ons such as the Comprehens­ive Test Ban Treaty Organizati­on would still be able to carry out testing if they were ever granted access to the site.

North Korea has signaled it no longer needs to test its nuclear devices because it has mastered the technology, a claim that is not without credibilit­y given its quantifiab­le advances over 11 years of testing.

“The mission of the northern nuclear test ground has thus come to an end,” Kim told a Workers’ Party meeting in Pyongyang, the North Korean capital, last month. By acquiring this “powerful treasured sword for defending peace,” North Koreans could now “enjoy the most dignified and happiest life in the world,” he said.

North Korea’s Foreign Ministry confirmed May 12 that the site would be “completely closed.”

This came after a historic summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in late last month, when Kim agreed to embark on a number of steps to show he was serious about dealing with the United States, the North’s avowed enemy.

He also mentioned a plan to work toward “the complete denucleari­zation of the Korean Peninsula” — a phrase Trump took to mean Kim wanted to give up his weapons, while most analysts said it was code for a drawn-out process under which both sides would have to make concession­s.

In an interview broadcast Thursday before officially canceling the summit, Trump said the United States might accept a “phase-in” of North Korea’s denucleari­zation, but he insisted the dismantlin­g of the nuclear program must progress “rapidly.”

In the last few days North Korea had taken to caustic denunciati­ons of American declaratio­ns.

The two sides appeared to be using a “willingnes­s to walk” from the summit as a source of leverage, said Katrin Katz, a North Korea expert at Northweste­rn University.

“Thanks to the North Koreans’ rhetorical pivot, both sides are now in a competitio­n to seem the least desperate to meet — and to place the blame for not meeting on the other side,” she said before Trump announced the cancellati­on, citing the harsh North Korean rhetoric.

 ?? AHN YOUNG-JOON/ASSOCIATED PRESS ?? People watch a satellite image of the Punggye-ri nuclear testing site on a TV screen at the Seoul Railway Station. North Korea carried out what it said is the demolition of its nuclear test site Thursday, setting off a series of explosions over several...
AHN YOUNG-JOON/ASSOCIATED PRESS People watch a satellite image of the Punggye-ri nuclear testing site on a TV screen at the Seoul Railway Station. North Korea carried out what it said is the demolition of its nuclear test site Thursday, setting off a series of explosions over several...

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