The Washington Post
Deaths of Americans
in the Dominican Republic have set off alarms, but U.S. officials say it remains a safe destination.
Another American has died at a Dominican resort, the fourth in the past year, raising alarm among U.S. tourists and the island-tourism industry that relies heavily on them.
The increasing number of mysterious deaths and reported sudden illnesses at resorts in the Dominican Republic has drawn unsettling attention to the nation of 10 million, prompting government officials there and the U.S. ambassador to reassure travelers that the country is safe. More Americans have visited the tropical island nation — with its pearl-white coastline and value travel packages to all-inclusive resorts — in recent years than France, U.S. Embassy officials said.
In the most recent reported incident, the State Department confirmed that an American tourist died but did not identify the person. Fox News Channel, citing a relative, identified the tourist as Robert Bell Wallace. The California man died in April after becoming ill at a Hard Rock Hotel & Casino in Punta Cana. An obituary for the 67-year-old said he “passed unexpectedly while vacationing in the Dominican Republic” on April 14. He was in the country to attend a wedding, according to the news network, and he fell sick and died soon after going to his resort.
Miranda Schaup-Werner, 41, of Allentown, Pa., was celebrating her 10th wedding anniversary when she died May 25, within 24 hours of arriving at her hotel room. Nathaniel Edward Holmes, 63, and Cynthia Ann Day, 49, both of Prince George’s County in Maryland, had just become engaged before their Dominican trip. They were found dead in their room on May 30.
Amid the turmoil stirred by the tourist deaths, Red Sox legend David “Big Papi” Ortiz was shot in the back late Sunday during an ambush at an outdoor restaurant and bar patio in the Dominican capital city. The former major league slugger was flown in stable condition to Boston on Monday for further treatment, and local police say they have arrested one of two alleged attackers.
The spate of bad news from the Caribbean country has some American tourists thinking again about their own tragic experiences.
Dawn McCoy of Brandywine has traveled many times to the same hotel where Wallace reportedly died. Her husband, David Harrison, loved the resort and went as often as time permitted. The 45-year-old died there in July after falling ill. At the time, his wife accepted the autopsy results showing that he had died of a heart attack.
McCoy had planned to honor her husband by revisiting the resort in mid-May with her son. But she canceled after news broke of the death of the couple from her home county of Prince George’s. “That was his paradise,” said McCoy, who works in a law office in suburban Washington. “We had booked the reservation. We enjoyed going there so much. But that was before, when I thought his death was just a fluke.”
In three of the four death cases, the Dominican National Police released autopsy results citing similar causes of death for SchaupWerner, Holmes and Day. Dominican police and the attorney general’s office declined to comment until toxicology reports, which could take a month to complete, are released publicly. The FBI is assisting with those tests, according to the State Department.
The Hard Rock resort could not be reached to comment early Monday. A relative of Wallace’s declined to comment to The Washington Post.
Local officials have offered reassurances as the disturbing news has gone global and imperiled a crucial sector of their economy.
Dominican officials have insisted that the island is safe, noting that more than 2 million Americans visit its beaches each year, accounting for about a third of the annual tourist population, according to the country’s tourism ministry. Attorney General Jean Alain Rodríguez told local journalists after the Ortiz incident that the Dominican Republic is “secure but definitely has many challenges,” according to a video published on the Listin Diario news site.
Francisco Javier Garcia, the country’s minister of tourism, suggested that the deaths may simply be a coincidence.
“Sometimes in life there can be a law of sequences,” he told reporters at a news conference Thursday. “Sometimes, nothing may happen to you in a year. But in another week, three things might happen to you.”
The deaths appear isolated, according to Dominican National Police, and no link has been made between them. But the similarities, proximity and frequency of death among relatively healthy American tourists trouble McCoy.
Schaup-Werner fell ill shortly after consuming a drink from the minibar at the Luxury Bahia Principe Bouganville in La Romana, a town about 70 miles west of Punta Cana. She was taking pictures on the room balcony and preparing for dinner when she became ill.
In a statement shared Wednesday, the hotel said Schaup-Werner had died of a heart attack, adding that her husband confirmed that she had “a history of heart conditions.” The Dominican Republic’s attorney general’s office released more details describing the woman’s lungs filling with fluid and her heart failing as a result.
Five days later, the bodies of Day and Holmes were found in their room at the nearby Grand Bahia Principe La Romana on May 30. The couple became sick the night before, complaining of diarrhea, vomiting and sweating, said Steven Bullock, the families’ attorney. Bullock said they asked to see the hotel doctor, but upon realizing they would be charged hundreds of dollars for the service, a relative obtained medication locally. The next morning, they were dead.
Investigators found blood pressure medication and several prescription pill bottles, including one that contained 5 mg doses of oxycodone, a painkiller, Galanpertin and Loxofen. Bullock did not know which medications were bought locally. A medical examiner in La Romana confirmed that some of the prescription pills came from a local pharmacy.
The three visitors all had hemorrhaging, pulmonary edema and enlarged hearts, according to autopsy results released Thursday by the government.
“This is just describing a natural disease. Without a full report, it’s hard to know,” said Grace Dukes of the College of American Pathologists’ Forensic Pathology Committee. “It’s not a clear picture of the cause of death. Just snapshots. If these are natural deaths, you would need negative toxicology results to prove that.”
Both establishments are owned by the same company, Bahia Principe Hotels & Resorts. In a statement, hotel officials said that their employees followed all appropriate security protocols and that “misinformation” has damaged the “image and reputation” of one of the Dominican Republic’s most prestigious hoteliers. The brand owns 14 properties on the island and has the greatest number of “hotel beds in the country,” hosting about 700,000 guests a year, the statement said.
The hotel company did not respond to questions about cancellations or decreasing reservations because of the deaths.
“There can be a law of sequences . . . . Nothing may happen to you in a year. But in another week, three things might happen to you.” Francisco Javier Garcia, tourism minister