The Washington Post

Biden toughens vaccine rules for federal workers

MASKS, TESTS FOR THOSE WHO REFUSE SHOT Directive aims to be model for others as variant rages

- BY ANNIE LINSKEY, JOHN WAGNER AND SEUNG MIN KIM

President Biden announced Thursday that all federal employees and on-site contractor­s will have to be vaccinated against the coronaviru­s or be required to wear masks and undergo repeated testing, an order that will affect millions of workers and is designed to be a model for other employers.

The new policy, a major change in the White House strategy against covid-19, reflects a heightened concern within the West Wing about the raging delta variant, which is driving up infections and hospitaliz­ations throughout large swaths of the country, at the same time that vaccinatio­n rates have stalled.

The administra­tion hopes that the new directive will have a ripple effect and persuade an array of state and local government­s, as well as private companies, to push their workers and customers harder to become vaccinated.

“I think you’re going to find the patience of businesses, and the patience of other people, running thin,” Biden said, his voice at times rising in exasperati­on. “Because the fact is, if we had a higher vaccinatio­n rate, we wouldn’t be in this position,”

He added, “If in fact you are

unvaccinat­ed, you present a problem — to yourself, to your family, and to those with whom you work. . . . You want to know how we put this virus behind us? I’ ll tell you how. We need to get more people vaccinated.”

The announceme­nt drew immediate pushback, including from federal unions. The Federal Law Enforcemen­t Officers Associatio­n, which represents more than 26,000 officers, said requiring vaccines is an infringeme­nt on civil rights. The American Postal Workers Union also said it was opposed to requiring vaccinatio­ns for its members.

A White House spokespers­on said Thursday night that U.S. Postal Service workers would not be subject to the mandate.

The need for mandates was dismissed by many at first, in part because public health officials assumed they wouldn’t be necessary once vaccines were widely available. But now that they have become the latest front in America’s culture wars and up to 30 percent of Americans are refusing to get a vaccine, many leaders are reconsider­ing whether tougher measures are needed.

The country is experienci­ng a seven-day average of nearly 70,000 new covid-19 cases a day now, after the rate fell as low as roughly 11,000 new cases daily last month. During his speech Biden made several direct appeals to the unvaccinat­ed.

Biden, in his impassione­d halfhour appeal, often divided his message between vaccinated and unvaccinat­ed Americans, almost as though they were two separate countries. If you are not vaccinated, he pleaded, get a shot; and if you are, please be patient.

To those who are resisting immunizati­ons, he said, “It’s an American blessing that we have vaccines for each and every American. . . . This is such a shame to squander that blessing.”

And to the vaccinated, he said, “I know it’s frustratin­g. I know it’s exhausting to think we’re still in this fight.” But, he added, “This is no time to be despondent or let our guard down. We just have to finish the job — with science, with facts, with the truth.”

Roughly 164 million Americans have been fully vaccinated, according The Washington Post’s vaccine tracker. About 90 million Americans haven’t had a single shot. An additional 26 million have had only one of the two required shots, and therefore aren’t fully inoculated.

The president’s directive for now affects only the civilian workforce, but he said he has asked the Defense Department to examine adding the coronaviru­s vaccine to the nearly two-dozen inoculatio­ns that are already required for service members. There are roughly 2 million federal employees, and close to 4 million federal contractor­s, giving Biden’s actions a potentiall­y powerful impact.

Late Thursday, Pentagon spokesman Jamal Brown said that military and civilian personnel will be “asked to attest to their vaccinatio­n status.” Those unable or unwilling to take that step will have to wear masks, socially distance and undergo regular coronaviru­s testing, Brown said. Their travel will also be restricted.

Seeking to deploy carrots as well as sticks, Biden also said he is calling on state and local government­s to offer $100 payments to everyone who gets the vaccine.

“I know that paying people to get vaccinated might sound unfair to people who got vaccinated already,” the president conceded. “But here’s the deal: If incentives can help us beat this virus, I believe we should use them. We all benefit.”

The money would come from the $350 billion fund to help states, local government­s and territorie­s that was part of the American Rescue Plan passed by Congress earlier this year.

And the president appeared open to more aggressive measures, saying it is “still a question whether the federal government can mandate the whole country” to take the vaccine.

The country appears to be at something of a pivotal point as a critical mass comes to accept that some form of vaccine requiremen­t may be necessary. Earlier this week, California and New York said they would require government employees to either be vaccinated or face repeated testing requiremen­ts, and highprofil­e companies like Google and Facebook are also adopting stricter measures.

“This week has been a very important — I don’t know how you want to phrase it — breaking of the dam, tidal wave, tipping point, there are lots of ways of putting it,” said Ezekiel J. Emanuel, vice provost of the University of Pennsylvan­ia. “There has been a consensus that we are going to have to have mandates.”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention this week also reversed its earlier recommenda­tions on masking, sending out new guidance that even vaccinated Americans must wear face coverings in areas where the virus is spreading at high levels. That has prompted a new round of indoor mask mandates across the country, including in Washington.

Still, the movement against vaccines and mandates remains powerful, as some activists complain that they infringe on liberty and others embrace conspiracy theories about the coronaviru­s shots. Courts have so far upheld the mandates, but the clashes are likely to escalate in the fall as universiti­es require vaccines and schools insist on masks.

In a potential sign of battles to come, Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson, a Republican, announced Thursday he was calling a special session of the legislatur­e to repeal a law that forbids public schools in the state from requiring masks. In contrast, Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas, also a Republican, issued an executive order, also Thursday, preventing local government­s from issuing mandates.

In a stark visual symbol of the changing landscape, Biden himself wore a black mask as he walked up to the lectern in the East Room of the White House on Thursday, the first time in weeks he had been spotted wearing one.

After Biden removed the mask for his speech, he said that “a significan­t part of the country wouldn’t have to take one of these off ” because the federal guidance recommends masks only in places where there is high transmissi­on. He noted that he did not have to wear a face covering during his trip Wednesday to Pennsylvan­ia — and would also not need one in Wilmington, Del., where he spends many of his weekends.

“They don’t need a mask when the majority, the vast majority, of people got vaccinated,” Biden said.

The president also tried to address head-on some of the reasons Americans haven’t opted to get their shots. He said that the science behind the vaccines had been under developmen­t for “decades,” an appeal to those who worry that the shots were developed in haste and might not be safe.

And he made his strongest pitch to date that the shots should not be politicize­d.

“The vaccine was developed and authorized under a Republican administra­tion,” Biden said. “It’s been distribute­d and administer­ed under a Democratic administra­tion.”

He added, “This is not about red states and blue states — it’s about life and death.”

A major remaining question is when and whether service members will have to get vaccinated. Military leaders have wanted to wait until the Food and Drug Administra­tion gives final approval for the shots, rather than the current emergency authorizat­ion. Some commands have started preparing for mandatory inoculatio­ns, according to the Army Times.

The Defense Department has nearly 1.4 million people on active duty, and roughly 69 percent of them have received at least one shot.

Pushing back against misinforma­tion about the vaccine, Biden credited Republican­s who have called on Americans to get vaccinated, including Senate Minority Leader Mitch Mcconnell (Ky.) and Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey.

Mcconnell has used some of his campaign funds to pay for an ad urging vaccinatio­ns. And Ivey recently bluntly said that “it’s time to start blaming the unvaccinat­ed folks” for the recent increase in cases.

“This is not about red states and blue states. It’s literally about life and death. It’s about life and death,” the president said.

The White House shift on pushing federal workers to be vaccinated comes days after the Department of Veterans Affairs mandated that about 100,000 of its employees be vaccinated. Denis Mcdonough, the secretary of veterans affairs and a former White House chief of staff to President Barack Obama, limited his order to those who interact with patients.

Public health experts have been long calling for the Biden administra­tion to use stronger methods such as mandates to push recalcitra­nt Americans to get shots.

“This is a course correction,” said J. Stephen Morrison, who directs the Global Health Policy Center at the Center for Strategic and Internatio­nal Studies. “This is a very big change. ... It is overdue.”

Morrison added, “They’re trying to regain momentum, and they’re trying to reassert the federal hand guiding things rather than taking the kind of approach up to now that they’ve taken, which is more sitting back and allowing others to lead,” Morrison said. “They’re beginning to recognize that there’s a price for that: It has an appearance of a kind of abdication.”

Biden acknowledg­ed he faces a balancing act, pushing reluctant Americans to get a vaccine while urging those who got their shots to be patient just a little longer.

“I understand that many of you in the majority are frustrated with the consequenc­es of the failure of the minority to get vaccinated,” Biden said. “But I want you to know I’m going to continue to do everything I can to encourage the unvaccinat­ed to get vaccinated.”

 ?? BILL O'LEARY/THE WASHINGTON POST ?? President Biden lays out the next steps in the effort to get more Americans vaccinated in remarks at the White House.
BILL O'LEARY/THE WASHINGTON POST President Biden lays out the next steps in the effort to get more Americans vaccinated in remarks at the White House.

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