The Washington Post

Alumni groups battle ‘cancel culture’

Former students across country press for free speech on campus


Alumni groups pressing freespeech issues are popping up at colleges in many states, as debates over academic freedom, “cancel culture” and changes on campus intensify.

More than a dozen groups have joined the Alumni Free Speech Alliance, a group announced last fall that now includes graduates from schools including Harvard, Bucknell, Yale and Cornell universiti­es, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Wofford and Davidson colleges.

Organizers say hundreds of people from schools all across the country have contacted them, all graduates who have questions they say their traditiona­l alumni associatio­ns are not asking.

To join, the groups must hold freedom of speech, academic freedom and viewpoint diversity as primary missions, said Edward Yingling, president of the alliance and one of the founders of Princetoni­ans for Free Speech. “There is a feeling that a lot of universiti­es are losing their way,” Yingling said. “There is very little diversity of thought.”

The alumni groups vary in size, character and sophistica­tion. Some have distinctly conservati­ve roots, even if they are now seeking to ensure that all viewpoints are represente­d. One of the first to organize, the Generals Redoubt, has been fighting to preserve the traditions of Washington and Lee

University in Lexington, Va., an idea echoed by graduates at some nearby colleges with long and complicate­d histories, such as the Virginia Military Institute and the University of Virginia.

Tom Rideout, president of Generals Redoubt, said while preserving Gen. Robert E. Lee’s legacy at the school is one of the group’s priorities, free speech is “the big ongoing issue where we will be spending more and more time as we go along.”

Drewry Sackett, a spokeswoma­n for Washington and Lee, said that while there is an official advisory board that represents alumni, graduates have formed several interest groups in recent years. Sackett said the university is fortunate to have alumni engaged and “we welcome civil and productive dialogue about issues impacting our campus.”

At other schools, the battles

have been more focused on whether faculty and students can speak freely, and grapple with ideas across the political spectrum, or if some topics have become too charged to even discuss.

The groups’ founders argue that only alumni have the numbers and clout to lead the fight for free speech at universiti­es, an urgent rebellion against what they see as a growing orthodoxy on campuses, with faculty and students canceling opposing views, afraid to speak freely, and threatenin­g the inquiry and debate that are central to academia.

Critics say some of the groups do not speak for most on campus, and are using the issue of free speech to hold back change that is long overdue, especially on issues of race and identity.

Brandon Hasbrouck, an associate professor of law at Washington and Lee, who has argued that the school should be renamed, said conservati­ve students debate things in his classes and are not silenced by classmates or faculty.

“I see the false narrative being created, then being embraced, and then being organized around,” he said. “Fundamenta­lly, we should be questionin­g the narrative itself.”

At U-VA., the president of such an alumni group, the Jefferson Council, was recently appointed by Virginia Gov. Glenn Youngkin (R) to join the university’s board of visitors, significan­tly amplifying the group’s voice and clout. “The pendulum,” said Bert Ellis, the new board appointee and an entreprene­ur, “is swinging back.”

Some alumni groups were sparked by a flash point on campus, such as speakers or professors generating backlash for their views. Princetoni­ans for Free Speech has been outspoken in opposing the firing of a professor for failing to cooperate with a sexual-misconduct investigat­ion. His supporters say it was retaliatio­n for statements he made.

Some groups pointed to surveys of students and faculty indicating self-censorship, and other concerns. A study released by the Knight Foundation and Ipsos earlier this year found that a growing majority of college students believe their campus climate stifles free speech. In 2016, almost three-fourths of students felt free-speech rights were secure, the study found, but now less than half do.

Leaders with the national alliance say it is hoping to create something more powerful, and lasting, than a typical alumni letter-writing campaign or petition that flares up and quickly dies away.

National free-speech advocacy groups such as the Foundation for Individual Rights and Expression, the Academic Freedom Alliance and Heterodox Academy have offered advice, support, coordinati­on and some individual programs such as sponsored debates.

It is too early to know how effective those efforts will be. But while many alumni groups have just been taking the initial steps to form nonprofits in recent months, some are now plunging into efforts such as hiring employees, paying for surveys, sending regular newsletter­s to increase scrutiny of university decisions, and calling on institutio­ns to adopt the Chicago Principles, guidelines written by leaders at the University of Chicago to emphasize the school’s commitment to unlimited debate, since adopted by scores of other universiti­es.

Some, like the Cornell Free Speech Alliance, have welcomed faculty and students. The Open Discourse Coalition at Bucknell provides grants to students as well as faculty.

At the Massachuse­tts Institute of Technology, the MIT Free Speech Alliance formed last fall after Dorian Abbot of the University of Chicago was disinvited from giving a prestigiou­s public talk amid the backlash over an opinion piece he co-wrote in Newsweek about diversity, equity and inclusion efforts on university campuses.

The MIT provost at the time explained to faculty that the annual event is intended as outreach, featuring a scientist and role model, and that Abbot was asked to speak another time to faculty and students on campus.

Abbot gave a lecture about planetary science at MIT in May.

But the controvers­y quickly became a national issue and spurred alumni such as Jim Rutt, a former chief executive and past chairman of the Santa Fe Institute, to act.

Rutt, who described himself as politicall­y progressiv­e and the MIT Free Speech Alliance as staunchly bipartisan, said he was shocked and angry when he learned that some MIT faculty members had said their voices were increasing­ly constraine­d on campus. “Something was fundamenta­lly wrong,” he said.

The group recently received a two-year grant of $500,000 from the Stanton Foundation and is hiring an executive director, hoping to work with student groups and bring in speakers. It is launching a membership drive and a donor-advised fund channeling donations to free-speech programs that apply for grants.

The organizati­on plans to host an on-campus debate this fall on whether diversity, equity and inclusion practices and policies are inconsiste­nt with the principles of merit, fairness and equality. It establishe­d a sort of freespeech hotline that allows people to report claims of violations and seek help.

“This will show people that there is a constituen­cy for free speech,” Rutt said, “and it is now safe to bring your head up.”

Kimberly Allen, a spokeswoma­n for MIT, said the school’s alumni associatio­n is aware of the group “and has been engaged with them cordially and in a spirit of respect since their founding.” She said the university is grateful for each of its nearly 145,000 living alumni and respects that there “are a range of views across that group on any number of topics.”

At some schools, officials have been privately dismissive of the groups, saying the older alumni are out of touch. But many of the groups say they have been working to ensure they are open to all and to diversify their own ranks, and that while concerns may have started with conservati­ves, they see a growing number of people across the spectrum upset by what they see as an entrenched intellectu­al conformity and intoleranc­e.

“I would really emphasize we are not political,” said George Kurzon, a leader of the newly formed Harvard Alumni for Free Speech. “We are not conservati­ve or liberal. All sides are welcome to the free-speech work.”

While these issues spark tensions everywhere, they are particular­ly fraught at U-VA. in the years since the 2017 Unite the Right rally in Charlottes­ville brought torch-bearing extremists onto campus.

Some alumni are talking about these lofty ideals, such as academic freedom, free speech, free inquiry and free expression, said Lisa Woolfork, an associate professor of English at U-VA. “But some of their some of their fights feel pretty far from that.”

Ellis, the Jefferson Council president, said he was shocked by a sign cursing the University of Virginia that a student posted nearly two years ago on her door to one of the rooms on the school’s historic Lawn.

After trying to talk with the student, and bringing a box cutter to take down the sign if she had not been home, he and other alumni later formed the council to preserve some of the school’s history and to fight for freespeech issues.

Ellis has said the Jefferson Council supports the student’s right to say or post anything, but not on the Lawn that Thomas Jefferson designed, a part of U-VA. designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

But not all are convinced. “What they seem to actually be protecting is a version of rightwing ideology that is framed as free speech and framed as neutral when it is not neutral,” Woolfork said.

“If there is one thing that is common to every university in the world, it is alumni who believe their school started going downhill after they graduated,” Larry Sabato, a professor of politics at U-VA., wrote in an email.

But he said the facts belie that, as the highly regarded university attracts “diverse and talented students from all over the globe” and continues to lead on important issues through education and research. After more than 50 years in the U-VA. community, he said he is “incredibly proud of the progress we have made during that time and excited about what the future holds.”

U-VA. spokesman Brian Coy said the school has undertaken numerous initiative­s in recent years tackling free speech and intellectu­al diversity issues, such as launching a general education curriculum that includes classes designed to get students debating ideas respectful­ly.

U-VA. president James Ryan has spoken and written about the need to be “empathetic speakers and generous listeners,” and to engage with unfamiliar ideas among the diverse range of people on campus, a place that is very different than it was when only White men were allowed to study there.

The U-VA. board of visitors adopted a statement on free expression and free inquiry last summer, emphasizin­g that “all views, beliefs, and perspectiv­es deserve to be articulate­d and heard, free from interferen­ce,” a commitment central to the school’s mission.

But Ellis and others see problems, with some viewpoints unwelcome or canceled. When the Jefferson Council tried to place an ad in the alumni magazine praising Jefferson and noting some scholarshi­p rejected the claim that he had children with Sally Hemings, a woman enslaved by Jefferson, the ad was rejected. Coy said the Alumni Associatio­n is a separate entity from the university and that it has a policy against running ads that are “overly political or controvers­ial.”

Ellis said the council has more than 700 members. U-VA. has about 250,000 living alumni. Ellis said there are groups that think anything goes in public discourse, so they vilify people, or drown them out by yelling and screaming, pushing them to leave rather than arguing their position.

The Jefferson Council is using some donated funds to bring speakers to campus, partnering with the conservati­ve student group the Young Americans for Freedom, as they did this spring with former vice president Mike Pence.

“There are lots of groups that disagree with us” on campus, Ellis said. That is why he believes the Jefferson Council needs to “get bigger and bigger, be vocal ourselves.”

James Bacon, a spokesman for the Jefferson Council, said sparking real cultural change will be difficult. But with Ellis’s board appointmen­t, he said, “we feel like we are going to be getting some traction. Now, Ellis said, “we have their attention.”

“There is a feeling that a lot of universiti­es are losing their way.” Edward Yingling, president of alumni free speech alliance

 ?? Jabin Botsford/the Washington Post ?? Independen­t college alumni groups are forming to promote free speech and counter cultural changes at some colleges. The groups say they are not political, but critics say their ideas do not represent most alumni. Above, students walk on the campus of the University of Virginia.
Jabin Botsford/the Washington Post Independen­t college alumni groups are forming to promote free speech and counter cultural changes at some colleges. The groups say they are not political, but critics say their ideas do not represent most alumni. Above, students walk on the campus of the University of Virginia.

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