What’s a Timber Frame?
Timber homes are known for their strength and beauty. But what else do they offer? Find out here.
Ask any timber home owner what’s so special about living in a timber frame and you’re bound to get a different answer each and every time. From the awe-inspiring design options to the close-to-nature feel that seems to ooze from these beautifully handcrafted homes, it’s hard to pinpoint what makes them so special.
To start, the construction method of timber framing has been around for centuries. A symbol of history and strength, timber framing techniques date back to Neolithic times, and since then have been used in many areas of the world, including Japan, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Scotland and the United States.
They also have been used to construct buildings and homes during different time periods in history. For example, while ancient civilizations like Egypt and Rome used mostly stone to build, they also used timber framing methods for many of their roof systems. Today, you can still visit 12th- and 13th-century European churches to see some of the world’s oldest examples of timber framing. In the United States, English settlers in Virginia used the land’s natural abundance of timber to raise a variety of buildings within the walls of Jamestown in the early 1600s.
TIMBER FRAMES TODAY
Since the 1970s, timber framing has become increasingly popular in the world of custom wood homes, and it stands to reason — timber homes offer the best of both worlds. Outside, they usually resemble more conventional homes. Inside, however, they expose artfully crafted timber posts and beams and thought-out joinery, traditionally secured by wooden pegs, to create dramatic interior spaces, often punctuated with lofty trusses. This timber frame provides not only the structure for the
home, but also supports the weight of the roof by transferring the load to the frame’s principal posts and the home’s foundation.
Other benefits include:
Energy Efficiency. Despite their link to tradition, today’s timber homes have taken the lead in energy efficiency. “When I meet with new clients, I typically describe a timber frame as the visible skeleton of a building. I ask them to visualize a 12-foot-long wall; with conventional construction that wall has ten 2-by-6 studs, each acting as a small post. The insulation is then incorporated between each of the structural members, allowing for thermal bridging at each stud and lowering the cumulative R-value of the wall,” explains Jeremy Bonin, principal architect and owner of Bonin Architects. “In a timber home, on the other hand, large SIPs (structural insulated panels) are applied to the exterior of the frame, almost eliminating thermal bridging and providing a more airtight structure.”
Because timber structures are wrapped from the exterior with super insulated walls and roof panels, you not only get to enjoy the beauty of the structure inside the home, but you can achieve some of the best energy efficient-rated walls in the building industry. (Timber homes can realize as much as 35 percent in energy savings with the super insulated enclosures used compared to standard stick-built construction.)
Design Benefits. Timber homes boast a number of inherent benefits, but it’s the beauty of the timber beams and the endless amount of awe-inspiring design options and advantages that turn potential homeowners curious about the style into full-blown timber devotees.
Adaptability. When most people envision a timber home, they think of large expanses of wood and sprawl-
ing, barn-style ceilings. But to many people’s surprise, timber homes can be built to suit any look or lifestyle. From modern to rustic, cozy to elegant, the options truly are endless.
Size Options. Timber framing gives you the opportunity to have as open or as intimate of an interior volume as your design suggests. In the case of more scaled-down designs, the beauty of the frame will draw eyes upward, making a more humble home feel larger. On the other hand, in open designs, the frame connects the volumes and brings them down to a more human scale due to the warmth of the wood and the joinery.
Open Layouts. One of the most sought-after design attributes in modern homes, a wide-open floor plan, goes hand-in-hand with the timber-frame style. Because of the way the frame is constructed, the home’s outer shell rests comfortably on the home’s frame, lending itself to an open-concept design that’s casual and informal, yet visually impressive. Plus, less-structured layouts mean you’ll be able to modify your home’s interior living spaces as your lifestyle and needs change.