TODAY IN HISTORY
The siege of the Alamo began in San Antonio, Texas.
President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington to take office, following word of a possible assassination plot in Baltimore.
President Theodore Roosevelt signed an agreement with Cuba to lease the area around Guantanamo Bay to the United States.
The first shelling of the U.S. mainland during World War II occurred as a Japanese submarine fired on an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California, causing little damage.
Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, where they raised two American flags (the second flag-raising was captured in the iconic Associated Press photograph.)
The first mass inoculation of schoolchildren against polio using the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh as some 5,000 students were vaccinated.
Pro and College Football Hall of Famer Fred Biletnikoff is 77. Country-rock musician Rusty Young is
74. Rock musician Brad Whitford (Aerosmith) is
68. Country singer Dusty Drake is 56. Rock musician Lasse Johansson (The Cardigans) is 47. Actress Dakota Fanning is 26.