TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Tulsa World - - Front Page - | To­day is Wed­nes­day, March 14, 2018.

To­day's High­light in His­tory: On March 14, 1923, Pres­i­dent War­ren G. Hard­ing be­came the first chief ex­ec­u­tive to file an in­come tax re­turn, pay­ing a levy of $17,990 on his $75,000 salary.

1794: Eli Whit­ney re­ceived a patent for his cot­ton gin, an in­ven­tion that rev­o­lu­tion­ized Amer­ica's cot­ton in­dus­try.

1885: The Gil­bert and Sul­li­van comic opera “The Mikado” pre­miered at the Savoy The­atre in Lon­don.

1900: Congress rat­i­fied the Gold Stan­dard Act.

1907: Pres­i­dent Theodore Roo­sevelt signed an ex­ec­u­tive or­der de­signed to pre­vent Ja­panese la­bor­ers from im­mi­grat­ing to the United States as part of a “gen­tle­men's agree­ment” with Japan.

1939: The re­pub­lic of Cze­choslo­vakia was dis­solved, open­ing the way for Nazi oc­cu­pa­tion of Czech ar­eas and the sep­a­ra­tion of Slo­vakia.

Dur­ing the Korean War, United Na­tions forces re­cap­tured Seoul.

A jury in Dal­las found Jack Ruby guilty of mur­der­ing Lee Har­vey Oswald, the ac­cused as­sas­sin of Pres­i­dent John F. Kennedy, and sen­tenced him to death. (Both the con­vic­tion and the death sen­tence were over­turned, but Ruby died be­fore he could be re­tried.)

The body of Pres­i­dent John F. Kennedy was moved from a tem­po­rary grave to a per­ma­nent memo­rial site at Ar­ling­ton Na­tional Ceme­tery in Vir­ginia.

“Monty Python and the Holy Grail,” a sendup of the leg­end of King Arthur, had its world pre­miere in Los An­ge­les.

A LOT Pol­ish Air­lines jet crashed while at­tempt­ing to land in War­saw, killing all 87 peo­ple aboard, in­clud­ing 22 mem­bers of a U.S. am­a­teur box­ing team. 1990: The Soviet Congress of Peo­ple's Deputies held a se­cret bal­lot that elected Mikhail S. Gor­bachev to a new, pow­er­ful pres­i­dency.

1998: In­dia's Congress party picked So­nia Gandhi, the Ital­ian-born widow of as­sas­si­nated prime min­is­ter Ra­jiv Gandhi, as its new pres­i­dent. Ten years ago: A tor­nado ripped into the Ge­or­gia Dome dur­ing the South­east­ern Con­fer­ence tour­na­ment, send­ing de­bris tum­bling from the ceil­ing and prompt­ing fans to flee. Protests led by Bud­dhist monks against Chi­nese rule in Ti­bet turned vi­o­lent, lead­ing to an ex­ten­sive crack­down by China's mil­i­tary.

Five years ago: Some 10,000 work­ers from across the Euro­pean Union protested out­side a sum­mit of EU lead­ers in Brus­sels, de­mand­ing that they end years of aus­ter­ity and fo­cus in­stead on curb­ing run­away un­em­ploy­ment with more spend­ing. A nearly 19-hour stand­off in Herkimer, New York, came to an end in­side a clut­tered, aban­doned bar as a po­lice SWAT team killed the sus­pect in four fa­tal shoot­ings.

One year ago: A blus­tery late-sea­son storm plas­tered the North­east with sleet and snow, par­a­lyz­ing much of the Wash­ing­ton-to-Bos­ton cor­ri­dor. Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump earned $153 mil­lion and paid $36.5 mil­lion in in­come taxes in 2005, ac­cord­ing to highly sought-af­ter tax doc­u­ments dis­closed by a re­porter. Declar­ing that “enough is enough,” Gen. Robert Neller, the Marine Corps com­man­dant, told se­na­tors that he in­tended to fix the prob­lem that led to cur­rent and for­mer Corps mem­bers shar­ing nude pho­tos of fe­male Marines on­line and mak­ing lewd or threat­en­ing com­ments about them. Mitch Seavey won his third Idi­tarod Trail Sled Dog Race, be­com­ing the fastest and old­est cham­pion at age 57. Seavey also set a time record of 8 days, 3 hours, 40 min­utes and 13 sec­onds.

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