TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

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To­day's High­lights in His­tory: On Dec. 6, 1907, the worst min­ing dis­as­ter in U.S. his­tory oc­curred as 362 men and boys died in a coal mine ex­plo­sion in Monon­gah, West Vir­ginia.

1790: Congress moved to Philadel­phia from New York.

1865: the 13th Amend­ment to the U.S. Con­sti­tu­tion, abol­ish­ing slav­ery, was rat­i­fied as Ge­or­gia be­came the 27th state to en­dorse it.

1884: Army en­gi­neers com­pleted con­struc­tion of the Wash­ing­ton Mon­u­ment by set­ting an alu­minum cap­stone atop the obelisk.

Some 2,000 peo­ple were killed when an ex­plo­sives-laden French cargo ship, the Mont Blanc, col­lided with the Nor­we­gian ves­sel Imo at the har­bor in Hal­i­fax, Nova Sco­tia, set­ting off a blast that dev­as­tated the Cana­dian city. Fin­land de­clared its in­de­pen­dence from Rus­sia.

A pres­i­den­tial ad­dress was broad­cast on ra­dio for the first time as Pres­i­dent Coolidge spoke to a joint ses­sion of Congress.

Ever­glades Na­tional Park in Flor­ida was ded­i­cated by Pres­i­dent Harry S. Tru­man.

Amer­ica's first at­tempt at putting a satel­lite into or­bit failed as Van­guard TV3 rose about four feet off a Cape | To­day is Thurs­day, Dec. 6, 2018. Canaveral launch pad be­fore crash­ing down and ex­plod­ing.

1973: House mi­nor­ity leader Ger­ald R. Ford was sworn in as vice pres­i­dent, suc­ceed­ing Spiro T. Agnew.

1982: 11 sol­diers and six civil­ians were killed when an Ir­ish Na­tional Lib­er­a­tion Army bomb ex­ploded at a pub in Bal­lykelly, North­ern Ire­land.

1989: 14 women were shot to death at the Univer­sity of Mon­treal's school of en­gi­neer­ing by a man who then took his own life.

1998: In Venezuela, for­mer Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez, who had staged a bloody coup at­tempt against the gov­ern­ment six years ear­lier, was elected pres­i­dent.

2001: The House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives, by a one-vote mar­gin, gave Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush more power to ne­go­ti­ate global trade deals. Pres­i­dent Bush ded­i­cated the na­tional Christ­mas tree to those who had died on Sept. 11 and to ser­vice mem­bers who had died in the line of duty.

Ten years ago: Pres­i­dent-elect Barack Obama said in a ra­dio and In­ter­net ad­dress that he'd asked his eco­nomic team for a re­cov­ery plan that would save or cre­ate more than 2 mil­lion jobs. In­dicted Demo­cratic U.S. Rep. Wil­liam Jef­fer­son was ousted from his New Or­leans area dis­trict in a spe­cial elec­tion won by Repub­li­can at­tor­ney Anh “Joseph” Cao, who be­came the first Viet­name­seAmer­i­can in Congress.

Five years ago: A day after Nel­son Man­dela's death at 95, South Africans of all col­ors erupted in song, dance and tears in emo­tional cel­e­bra­tions of the life of the man who had bridged the coun­try's black-white di­vide and helped avert a race war. The Fen­der Stra­to­caster that Bob Dy­lan played at the 1965 New­port Folk Fes­ti­val was sold at Christie's for nearly $1 mil­lion — the high­est price ever paid for a gui­tar at auc­tion.

One year ago: Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump de­clared Jerusalem to be Is­rael's cap­i­tal, de­fy­ing warn­ings from the Pales­tini­ans and oth­ers around the world that he would be destroying hopes for Mideast peace. Time mag­a­zine named as its Per­son of the Year the “Si­lence Break­ers” — those who had shared their sto­ries about sex­ual as­sault and ha­rass­ment. Rus­sian Pres­i­dent Vladimir Putin an­nounced that he would seek re-elec­tion, putting him on track to be­come Rus­sia's long­est-serv­ing ruler since Soviet dic­ta­tor Josef Stalin.

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