Tulsa World

TODAY IN HISTORY — THURSDAY, SEPT. 9, 2021

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Today’s highlight

On Sept. 9, 1850, California became the 31st state of the union.

On this date

In 1776, the second Continenta­l Congress made the term “United States” official, replacing “United Colonies.”

In 1893, Frances Cleveland, wife of President Grover Cleveland, gave birth to a daughter, Esther, in the White House; it was the first (and, to date, only) time a president’s child was born in the executive mansion.

In 1919, some 1,100 members of Boston’s 1,500-man police force went on strike. (The strike was broken by Massachuse­tts Gov. Calvin Coolidge with replacemen­t officers.)

In 1932, the steamboat Observatio­n exploded in New York’s East River, killing 72 people.

In 1948, the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was declared.

In 1956, Elvis Presley made the first of three appearance­s on “The Ed Sullivan Show.”

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruc­tion, a measure primarily concerned with protecting voting rights and which also establishe­d a Civil Rights Division in the U.S. Department of Justice.

In 1960, in the first regular-season American Football League game, the Denver Broncos defeated the Boston Patriots, 13-10.

In 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correction­al Facility near Buffalo, New York, beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives.

In 1991, boxer Mike Tyson was indicted in Indianapol­is on a charge of raping Desiree Washington, a beauty pageant contestant. (Tyson was convicted and ended up serving three years of a six-year prison sentence.)

In 2005, Federal Emergency Management Agency Director Michael Brown, the principal target of harsh criticism of the Bush administra­tion’s response to Hurricane Katrina, was relieved of his onsite command.

In 2015, Queen Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch in British history, serving as sovereign for 23,226 days

(about 63 years and 7 months), according to Buckingham Palace, surpassing Queen Victoria, her greatgreat-grandmothe­r.

New York became the first U.S. city to require salt warnings on chain-restaurant menus.

Ten years ago: New Yorkers and Washington­ians shrugged off talk of a new terror threat as intelligen­ce officials scrambled to nail down informatio­n on a possible al-Qaida strike timed to coincide with the 10th anniversar­y of 9/11.

Five years ago: Defying the White House, Congress sent President Barack Obama legislatio­n giving the families of victims of the September 11 attacks the right to sue Saudi Arabia. (Obama vetoed the bill, but Congress overrode his veto.) Democratic presidenti­al nominee Hillary Clinton, speaking at an LGBT fundraiser in New York City, described half of Republican Donald Trump’s supporters as “a basket of deplorable­s,” a characteri­zation for which she ended up expressing regret. Shaquille O’Neal and Allen Iverson were among those inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.

One year ago: The top U.S. general for the Middle East, Gen. Frank McKenzie, said the Trump administra­tion would pull thousands of troops out of Iraq and Afghanista­n by November. President Donald Trump acknowledg­ed that he had downplayed the coronaviru­s in the weeks after it emerged, saying he was trying to be a “cheerleade­r” for the country and avoid causing panic.

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Queen Elizabeth II

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