Prairie Grove Nom­i­nated For His­toric Reg­is­ter

BOTH DISTRICTS LO­CATED IN DOWN­TOWN AREA

Washington County Enterprise-Leader - - FRONT PAGE - By Lynn Kut­ter

Two his­toric districts in down­town Prairie Grove will be nom­i­nated to the Na­tional Reg­is­ter of His­toric Places.

The State Re­view Board of Arkansas His­toric Preser­va­tion Pro­gram rec­om­mended the Prairie Grove Com­mer­cial His­toric Dis­trict and North Mock Street Com­mer­cial His­toric Dis­trict for nom­i­na­tion at its April 4 meet­ing in Lit­tle Rock.

The Prairie Grove Com­mer­cial His­toric Dis­trict is lo­cated on the south side of East Buchanan Street from the South­ern Mer­can­tile Build­ing east to the Prairie Grove Chil­dren’s Li­brary. The nom­i­na­tion in­cludes Mock Park.

The North Mock Street Com­mer­cial His­toric Dis­trict con­sists of build­ings at 114 and 116 North Mock St. This in­cludes the build­ing that now houses Fat Rolls bak­ery and the build­ing next door.

Ralph Wil­cox, na­tional reg­is­trar and sur­vey co­or­di­na­tor for Arkansas His­toric Preser­va­tion Pro­gram, said his of­fice ini­ti­ated the process to nom­i­nate the two districts for the Na­tional Reg­is­ter as part of a pro­gram to try to cre­ate his­toric districts in down­town ar­eas across the state.

Other his­toric districts in North­west Arkansas in­clude Siloam Springs and Rogers down­town ar­eas and Dick­son Street in Fayet­teville.

Wil­cox said the Prairie Grove Com­mer­cial His­toric Dis­trict was nom­i­nated for its ar­chi­tec­ture and its as­so­ci­a­tion with the com­mer­cial his­tory of Prairie Grove. The nom­i­na­tion in­cludes nine con­tribut­ing re­sources and three non-con­tribut­ing re­sources.

The dis­trict has 2.6 acres and rep­re­sents the main thor­ough­fare in the town’s cen­tral busi­ness sec­tion. One build­ing in the dis­trict, the South­ern Mer­can­tile Build­ing, was named to the Na­tional Reg­is­ter of His­toric Places in 1990.

A sum­mary on the dis­trict shows build­ings along Buchanan Street were built 1901-1940 but the pe­riod of sig­nif­i­cance ex­tends from 1883 to 1968. The pre­dom­i­nant ar­chi­tec­tural style is early twen­ti­eth cen­tury stan­dard com­mer­cial.

“Lo­cal builders con­structed these early twen­ti­eth-cen­tury build­ings with re­gion­ally quar­ried stone and man­u­fac­tured brick and tile,” the nom­i­na­tion says. “The lo­cal brick man­u­fac­turer was Ter­pen­ing Brick and Drain Tile Fac­tory lo­cated in the nearby com­mu­nity of Walnut Grove. These bricks are dis­tinc­tive in the color vari­a­tions due to the area’s raw clay and iron­stone used in its pro­duc­tion.”

The nom­i­na­tion notes the dis­trict re­flects lo­cal and re­gional com­mer­cial devel­op­ment trends in the early pe­riod of Prairie Grove’s his­tory dur­ing its hey­day of can­ning fac­to­ries, fruit or­chards, poul­try and live­stock pro­duc­tion and lum­ber mills.

The dis­trict has evolved to re­main a vi­brant area.

“Down­town Prairie Grove con­tin­ues to serve as a so­cial, com­mer­cial and recre­ational gath­er­ing for its res­i­dents,” the nom­i­na­tion says.

The nom­i­na­tion gives in­di­vid­ual, de­tailed de­scrip­tions for each busi­ness in the his­toric dis­trict.

Con­tribut­ing re­sources in the dis­trict are South­ern Mer­can­tile Com­pany (107109 E. Buchanan), Coun­try Charm (111 E. Buchanan), Jack’s Bar­ber­shop (113 E. Buchanan), What My Eyes Have Seen Pho­tog­ra­phy (115 E. Buchanan), Car­quest Auto Store (117119 E. Buchanan), Wild West Em­po­rium (121 E. Buchanan), Ster­ling Drug (125 E. Buchanan), Cres­cent De­part­ment Store (127 E. Buchanan), Chil­dren’s Li­brary (305 E. Buchanan), Mock Park (123 S. Neal St.),

Non-con­tribut­ing re­sources in the dis­trict are Daisies & Olives An­tiques and Bev­erly The­ater (129 E. Buchanan), Prairie Grove Garage (131 E. Buchanan), Mag­no­lia Auto Garage (151 E. Buchanan).

The North Mock Street His­toric Dis­trict was nom­i­nated to the Na­tional Registry in part for its or­nate, metal fronts, ac­cord­ing to Wil­cox.

The build­ing at 114 N. Mock Street was con­structed in 1903 as B.H. Har­ri­son Ma­sonic Tem­ple and now pro­vides meet­ing space for Prairie Grove’s Oc­ci­den­tal Lodge No. 436.

The build­ing next door at 116 N. Mock St., was con­structed in 1904 by B.F. Carl and orig­i­nally was Ozark Mer­can­tile Co., sell­ing fur­ni­ture and cas­kets. It now has Fat Rolls Bak­ery on the first floor and res­i­den­tial space on the sec­ond floor.

The pre­dom­i­nant style for both is early twen­ti­eth cen­tury stan­dard com­mer­cial.

“The North Mock Street His­toric Dis­trict rep­re­sents a co­he­sive col­lec­tion of two com­mer­cial build­ings that are sig­nif­i­cant for their role in the com­mer­cial, so­cial, and ar­chi­tec­tural devel­op­ment of the city dur­ing 1903–1967,” ac­cord­ing to the nom­i­na­tion. “Over­all, the two build­ings re­tain most of their char­ac­ter-defin­ing-de­tails rep­re­sen­ta­tive from ini­tial con­struc­tion through the early to mid-twen­ti­eth cen­tury.”

Com­mon de­tails for both build­ings in­clude para­pet façades, win­dow open­ings, store­fronts, cor­nices and other de­sign el­e­ments from the pe­riod.

Wil­cox said the nom­i­na­tion will be for­warded to the Na­tional Park Ser­vice. By fed­eral law, a de­ci­sion must be made on the rec­om­men­da­tion within 45 days. Wil­cox said he ex­pects to hear some­thing back by early to mid June.

Be­ing named to the Na­tional Reg­is­ter would not place any re­stric­tions on build­ing own­ers who want to make changes or im­prove­ments to their prop­erty, Wil­cox said. The districts would have an “Hon­orary Des­ig­na­tion” and own­ers would be el­i­gi­ble to use state and fed­eral tax credit pro­grams for any ren­o­va­tions.

The state re­view board in all ap­proved 18 prop­er­ties un­der con­sid­er­a­tion to be nom­i­nated for the Na­tional Reg­is­ter of His­toric Places.

LYNN KUT­TER EN­TER­PRISE-LEADER

The State Review Board of Arkansas His­toric Preser­va­tion Pro­gram has nom­i­nated two com­mer­cial dis­tricts in down­town Prairie Grove for the Na­tional Reg­is­ter of His­toric Places. The North Mock Street Com­mer­cial His­toric District in­cludes th­ese two...

LYNN KUT­TER EN­TER­PRISE-LEADER

The south side of Buchanan Street in down­town Prairie Grove has been nom­i­nated for the Na­tional Reg­is­ter of His­toric Places. The his­toric district would go from South­ern Mer­can­tile build­ing east to the Prairie Grove Chil­dren’s Library.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from USA

© PressReader. All rights reserved.