E-cigarettes Long Term Health Af­fects Un­clear

Wellness Update - - Health News -

AT­LANTA, Ga. – About one in five U.S. adult cig­a­rette smok­ers have tried an elec­tronic cig­a­rette to quit smok­ing. But the long-term health af­fects need more stud­ies.

In 2011, about 21 per­cent of adults who smoke tra­di­tional cigarettes had used elec­tronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, up from about 10 per­cent in 2010, ac­cord­ing to a report re­leased by the Cen­ters for Disease Con­trol and Preven­tion. Over­all, about six per­cent of all adults have tried e-cigarettes, with es­ti­mates nearly dou­bling from 2010. This study is the first to report changes in aware­ness and use of e-cigarettes be­tween 2010 and 2011.

Dur­ing 2010–2011, adults who have used e-cigarettes in­creased among both sexes, non-His­panic Whites, those aged 45–54 years, those liv­ing in the South, and cur­rent and former smok­ers and cur­rent and former smok­ers. In both 2010 and 2011, e-cig­a­rette use was sig­nif­i­cantly higher among cur­rent smok­ers com­pared to both former and never smok­ers. Aware­ness of e-cigarettes rose from about four in 10 adults in 2010 to six in 10 adults in 2011.

“E-cig­a­rette use is grow­ing rapidly,” said CDC Di­rec­tor Tom Frieden, MD, MPH. “There is still a lot we don’t know about th­ese prod­ucts, in­clud­ing whether they will de­crease or in­crease use of tra­di­tional cigarettes.”

Although e-cigarettes ap­pear to have far fewer of the tox­ins found in smoke com­pared to tra­di­tional cigarettes, the im­pact of e-cigarettes on long-term health must be stud­ied. Re­search is needed to as­sess how e-cig­a­rette mar­ket­ing could im­pact ini­ti­a­tion and use of tra­di­tional cigarettes, par­tic­u­larly among young peo­ple.

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