Fawning over flora, from delicate orchids to soaring maples, at green spaces with historic architecture.
For the Palm House at the Rawlings Conservatory (page 21), Frederick took inspiration from other Victorianera buildings like London’s Kew Gardens. Sunlight filters through the fronds of 14 palm varieties, while the adjoining orchid room displays blooms in a Monet-worthy palette. In the greenhouses, flora—from prickly cacti to fragrant lavender—thrive in replicated world environments. Outdoor flower beds feature a circa-1890 sundial that indicates the solar time in cities around the globe.
After the Civil War, Quaker businessman Jesse Tyson commissioned Frederick to design the mansion that’s now the centerpiece of 207acre Cylburn Arboretum (page 21), Baltimore’s largest public garden. The mansion, serving as staff quarters open to the public, retains its Italianate cupola, tapestries and mosaics. Marble lions “Leo” and “Cleo” gaze across grounds that feature an apiary, a carriage house turned nature museum, a gazebo and plots of azaleas, roses, daylilies and dahlias. In the Larrabee Habitat Garden, showy perennials and fruiting shrubs attract wildlife like bees and butterflies, while the three and a half miles of wooded trails draw hikers, bird watchers and dog walkers. Some of the original trees, planted by Tyson in the late 1800s, still stand.