End vises

WOOD - - SHOP TIPS - Pro­duced by Bob Hunter with John Ol­son

Th­ese mount to the end of the bench and typ­i­cally work with bench dogs along the length of the bench­top. If you pre­fer rec­tan­gu­lar dog­holes, cut those notches in the boards be­fore glu­ing them to the bench­top; round holes can be drilled be­fore or af­ter as­sem­bly.

Tail vise

A tra­di­tional tail vise [Pho­tos H and I] con­sists of a rec­tan­gu­lar or L-shape block of wood (the jaw) fas­tened to a steel or cast-iron fix­ture that slides back and forth in a cut­away cor­ner of the bench.

Things to know:

You have to space the vise and dog­holes around the bench legs and any face-vise mount­ing hard­ware.

You also can hold stock ver­ti­cally be­tween the mov­able jaw and the bench.

A quick re­lease, avail­able on some tail vises, speeds up big changes in vise po­si­tion.

A tail vise holds long stock se­curely with­out any springi­ness. Too much clamp­ing force, how­ever, can cause boards to bow up.

Retrofitting one to an ex­ist­ing bench typ­i­cally re­quires adding ma­te­rial to the bench­top to stay out­side the legs or base.

End vise

Es­sen­tially a large face vise, this type usu­ally spans most, if not all, of the bench­top’s width [Photo J]. Typ­i­cally, you use two rows of bench dogs to hold long or wide stock. Things to know:

The bench’s apron, or a built-up end of the bench­top, serves as the in­ner jaw.

A twin-screw vise has a large open­ing be­tween the screws for hold­ing wide stock or as­sem­bled draw­ers.

Plan­ing long boards held in the jaws can move the bench side­ways. In­stead, cap­ture the work­piece with bench dogs to take ad­van­tage of the bench’s full mass.

If an end vise spans less than the full width of the bench­top, in­stall it flush with one edge (rather than cen­ter­ing it) so you can eas­ily hand-plane stock held with bench dogs.

Wagon vise

A con­densed ver­sion of a tail vise, a wagon vise [Pho­tos K and L] holds long stock se­curely, but with less ca­pac­ity (be­cause a tail vise opens be­yond the bench’s end).

Things to know:

The gap in front of the wagon can be used to hold nar­row stock ver­ti­cally.

A wagon vise can be retro­fit­ted to an ex­ist­ing bench by cut­ting a notch for the wagon and screw, and at­tach­ing the mount­ing hard­ware.

I Jaw A long mor­tise ac­cepts the screw and threaded fix­ture, and the up­per guide rail fits in the slot. (A lower guide rail, not shown, mounts be­neath the jaw.) The tail vise slides back and forth along the guide rails, held in place by the screw as­sem­bly. Tail vises typ­i­cally open 7–8".

J Tim­ing chain The tim­ing chain on a twin-screw end vise syncs the screws, so you need only turn one han­dle to op­er­ate the vise. (Chain cover re­moved for clar­ity.) You can ad­just ei­ther screw should the vise jaws get out of par­al­lel. Like­wise, you can in­ten­tion­ally make the jaws un­par­al­lel for clamp­ing ir­reg­u­lar-shape work­pieces.

Slot for up­per guide rail H Jaw Mor­tise for screw fix­ture The tail-vise jaw mounts over a fixed plate. Up­per guide rail

L Wagon A wagon vise moves within a closed chan­nel to se­cure work­pieces be­tween bench dogs. The wagon at­taches to the mech­a­nism that rides along the vise screw, mov­ing the wagon along with it.

K Wagon

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