Build the sides and doors
1 Cut parts A–D [Materials List, Drawings 1 and 2], and arrange them as they will be assembled. Mark part letters and orientation (right, left) on the outside faces with
chalk. Also indicate the tenoned ends and grooved edges, making the sides and doors mirror images. Cut the tenons and grooves. 2 Edge-join oversize blanks for the panels (E, F). Plane and cut the panels to finished size and rabbet the back faces. Finish-sand and stain [Sources] the panels and the inside edges of the rails and stiles.
3 Apply glue to the tenons (do not glue the panels) and assemble the sides and doors [Photo A]. Drill shelf-pin holes in the side stiles and finish-sand the frames. Note: Sanding will scuff the stain on the inside faces of the panels (E, F); restain these areas when finishing the cabinet.
Clamp up the sides and doors on a flat surface. Square-cut stile and rail ends ensure square assemblies. Tip! Solid-wood panels expand and contract seasonally. Stain them before assembly to ensure unstained wood won’t show during times of seasonal shrinkage.