This Day in His­tory

Woonsocket Call - - AMUSEMENTS -

On May 17, 1968, nine men and women, in­clud­ing brothers Daniel and Philip Ber­ri­gan, en­tered the Se­lec­tive Ser­vice of­fice in Ca­tonsville, Mary­land, seized sev­eral hun­dred draft files and burned them out­side to protest the Viet­nam War be­fore be­ing ar­rested. (The “Ca­tonsville Nine,” as they came to be known, re­ceived fed­eral prison sen­tences rang­ing from 24 to 42 months.)

On this date:

In 1536, Arch­bishop of Can­ter­bury Thomas Cran­mer de­clared the mar­riage of Eng­land’s King Henry VIII to Anne Bo­leyn in­valid after she failed to pro­duce a male heir; Bo­leyn, al­ready con­demned for high trea­son, was ex­e­cuted two days later.

In 1792, the New York Stock Ex­change had its be­gin­nings as a group of bro­kers met un­der a tree on Wall Street and signed the But­ton­wood Agree­ment.

In 1875, the first Ken­tucky Derby was run; the win­ner was Aris­tides, rid­den by Oliver Lewis.

In 1938, Congress passed the Sec­ond Vin­son Act, pro­vid­ing for a strength­ened U.S. Navy. The ra­dio quiz show “In­for­ma­tion, Please!” made its de­but on the NBC Blue Net­work.

In 1948, the Soviet Union rec­og­nized the new state of Is­rael.

In 1954, a unan­i­mous U.S. Supreme Court handed down its Brown v. Board of Ed­u­ca­tion of Topeka de­ci­sion which held that racially seg­re­gated pub­lic schools were in­her­ently un­equal, and there­fore un­con­sti­tu­tional.

In 1973, a spe­cial com­mit­tee con­vened by the U.S. Se­nate be­gan its tele­vised hear­ings into the Watergate scan­dal.

In 1978, women were in­cluded in the White House honor guard for the first time as Pres­i­dent Jimmy Carter wel­comed Zam­bian Pres­i­dent Ken­neth Kaunda.

In 1980, ri­ot­ing that claimed 18 lives erupted in Mi­ami’s Lib­erty City after an all-white jury in Tampa ac­quit­ted four for­mer Mi­ami po­lice of­fi­cers of fa­tally beat­ing black in­sur­ance ex­ec­u­tive Arthur McDuffie.

In 1987, 37 Amer­i­can sailors were killed when an Iraqi war­plane at­tacked the U.S. Navy fri­gate Stark in the Per­sian Gulf. (Iraq apol­o­gized for the at­tack, call­ing it a mis­take, and paid more than $27 mil­lion in com­pen­sa­tion.)

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