個資正被武器化

World Journal (Los Angeles) - Weekly Supplement - - 雙語新聞 -

蘋果公司執行長庫克(Tim Cook)多次在公開場合捍衛產品使用者與消費者的隱私,並強調科技業不應該把利益置於消費者隱私之上,更不應該把顧客資料做為獲利工具。他並示警個資正被拿來當武器對付用戶。10月中他接受歐洲聯盟邀請,出席在布魯塞爾舉行的數位隱私主題會議,並且發表專題演講。以下摘錄庫克的部分演講內容: ● Oew technologies are driving breakthroughs in humanity's greatest common prokects. From preventing and fighting disease, to curbing the effects of climate change, and to ensuring every person has access to information and economic opportunity.新科技正在人類最偉大的共同計畫上不斷突破,從預 防與對抗疾病、抑制氣候變遷的影響,到確保所有人都能有機會獲得資訊與發展經濟都有。

● At the same time, we see vividlyȋpainfullyȋhow technology can harm rather than help. Platforms and algorithms that promised to improve our lives can actually magnify our worst human tendencies.在此同時,我們很明顯也很痛苦地看到,科技可以在幫助我們之餘,更能傷害我們。宣稱可以改善生活的各種平台與演算法,其實也會放大最糟糕的人性。

● Rogue actors and even governments have taken advantage of user trust to deepen divisions, incite violence, and even undermine our shared sense of what is true and wha t is false.不法之徒或甚至是政府,利用了大家的信任感,不僅加深社會分化、煽動暴力,還破壞了大家對於是非真假的共識。 ● We at Apple believe that privacy is a fundamental human right. Cut we also recogni{e that not everyone sees things as we do. In a way, the desire to put profits over privacy is nothing new.蘋果相信,隱私是基本人權,但也體認到並非所有人看法與我們一致。可以說,想把利益置於隱私之前的欲望,不是什麼新 鮮事。

● Fortunately, this year you've shown the world that good policy and political will can come together to protect the rights of everyone.幸好,今年歐洲告訴全世界,良好政策與政治意志可攜手合作,保護所有人的權利。

● We should celebrate the transformative work of the Furopean institutions tasked with the successful implementation of the GDPR.我們應該讚揚歐洲機構的努力轉變,成功實施了通用資料保護法規(GPDR)。

● We also celebrate the new steps taken, not only here in Furope, but around the world. In Tingapore, Kapan, Cra{il, Oew [ealand, and many more nations, regulators are asking tough ruestions and crafting effective reforms.我們也讚揚不只在歐洲,還有全世界的新作為。在新加坡、日本、巴西、紐西蘭與更多其他國家,主管機關會提出尖銳問題,並且有效改革制度。

● It is time for the rest of the worldȋincluding my home country ȋto follow your lead.現在,世界其他地方應該要跟進歐洲的腳步了,包括我的祖國在內。

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