氣候變遷

恐提升年輕人致死率

World Journal (New York) - World Journal (New York) - Weekly Supplement - - 雙語新聞 - 郭宣含

●Rising temperatur­es caused by global heating are likely to increase deaths from road crashes, violence, suicides and drowning, according to new research, and will affect young people most.根據一項新研究,全球暖化導致溫度上升,可能增加道路車禍、暴力、自殺和溺斃等死亡人數,而且對年輕人影響最大。

●Deaths from injuries have long been known to be seasonal and the new analysis uses data on nearly 6m deaths in the US to calculate the impacts of a 2C rise in temperatur­e, the main target set by the world’s nations. The scientists calculated that this increase would result in about 2,100 more fatal injuries every year in the US alone.長久以來眾所皆知,受傷造成的死亡跟季節­有關,而一項新分析利用美國­近600萬個死亡案例­的數據,計算溫度上升2攝氏度­後的影響,這個溫度也是全球多國­設定要控制的主要目標。科學家計算,溫度每上升2攝氏度,光是在美國,每年就會增加約210­0多起致命傷亡事件。

●People tend to go outside more and drink more alcohol on hotter days, while higher temperatur­es are known to increase rates of violence and suicide. The analysis did show a small reduction in the number of deaths related to falls among elderly people, probably because there is less ice in winter.天氣變炎熱時,大家更傾向外出而且更­常喝酒,同時大家也知道溫度升­高會提高暴力和自殺率。這項分析確實顯示,老年人與跌倒相關的死­亡人數稍微下降,可能是因為冬季比較少­結冰。

●Previous research on the impact of the climate emergency on health has focused on chronic diseases such as heart failure and infectious diseases including malaria. But deaths from injuries currently make up about 10% of all fatalities around the world and the impact of global heating on this had been little studied until now.先前針對氣候緊急狀況­對健康影響的研究著重­多種慢性病,例如心臟衰竭和瘧疾等­感染疾病。不過目前受傷致死的情­況佔全球10%的總死傷,而全球暖化對此的影響­至今卻鮮少研究。

●The scientists say young people play vital roles in supporting societies

科學家表示,年輕人在支持社會與經­濟中扮演重要角色,而且處理受傷致死的措­施必須是社會健康首要­之務。

●“Our results show how much climate change can affect young people,” said Prof Majid Ezzati of Imperial College London. “We need to respond to this threat with better preparedne­ss in terms of emergency services, social support and health warnings.”

倫敦帝國理工學院(Imperial College London)教授艾沙堤(Majid Ezzati)表示:「我們的結果顯示氣候變­遷可能如何影響年輕人。我們必須更完善準備緊­急服務、社會協助和健康警告,以回應這項威脅。」

全球暖化導致溫度上升,大家更傾向外出喝酒,高溫也會提高暴力和自­殺率。 (路透) 全球暖化地上結冰減少,老年人與跌倒相關的死­亡人數也稍微下降。 (路透)

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