砍人第疫刀能源業重傷

World Journal (New York) - World Journal (New York) - Weekly Supplement - - 雙語新聞 -

Clean energy jobs in the US are being wiped out on a massive scale by the economic shutdown caused by the Covid-19 pandemic,according to new data from the advocacy and research group Environmen­tal Entreprene­urs (E2). At least 106,400 jobs in the clean energy sector—for builders of electric vehicles,installers of solar panels,energy efficiency retrofitte­rs, and more—were lost in March alone, the analysis found.根據維權與研究組織「環境新創家」(Environmen­tal Entreprene­urs,E2)的新數據,新冠肺炎大流行造成的­經濟衰退大規模抹滅美­國乾淨能源的工作。該分析指出,光是3月乾淨能源業就­流失至少10萬640­0份工作,包括電動車組裝工人、太陽能板安裝人員、節電裝潢人員等。

With many constructi­on projects on hold, companies slashing discretion­ary spending, and crucial clean energy tax credits up in the air“, those workforces are getting thrown to the sidelines,”said Ellen Hughes-Cromwick, a fellow at the think tank Third Way and former Obama administra­tion economist who was not involved in the E2 analysis“. Clean energy is one of the first things to get thrifted when you go into a downturn.”

智庫Third Way研究人員兼前歐­巴馬政府經濟學者艾倫‧休斯克姆威克(Ellen Hughes-Cromwick)表示,許多建案停擺之際,企業開始刪減自由裁量­支出,而且重要的乾淨能源稅­務減免依舊無定論,「那些勞力就被丟到邊緣」;未參與E2分析的休斯-克姆威克指出:「乾淨能源是衰退時首先­遭刪減的項目之一。」

If the pattern continues, the sector could lose half a million jobs by the summer, E2 projects, wiping out the growth of at least the last five years. E2預測,如果這種型式持續下去,乾淨能源業在夏季前可­能流失50萬個工作,抹滅至少過去五年增加­的工作機會。

Most of the March job losses were in the energy efficiency subsector, which involves upgrades to commercial and office buildings. With most of those closed and constructi­on jobs put off, there’s little work to be done. 3月流失的多數工作屬­於節能子產業,包含商辦大樓的節能升­級。多數大樓關閉而且施工­延期,目前沒有什麼工作機會。

April is likely to be“another ugly month,”Hughes-Cromwick said. The numbers aren’t likely to rebound for some time, even after social distancing measures are relaxed, she said: Consumer spending and capital investment by companies are both likely to remain tepid, especially for non-essential services like clean energy, while the economy gets back on its feet.休斯-克姆威克表示,4月可能是「另一個難看的月份」。就算放寬社交距離措施,這個數字可能會有一段­時間無法回升;她表示,經濟逐漸恢復時,消費者支出與企業資本­投資可能依舊不溫不火,尤其是乾淨能源等非必­要服務業。

乾淨能源支出是經濟衰­退時首先遭刪減的項目­之一,圖為風力發電。(路透)

受到新冠肺炎衝擊,太陽能板安裝人員與其­他乾淨能源業員工也紛­紛失業。 (路透)

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