Yuma Sun

Facebook’s Zuckerberg didn’t have all the answers for Congress


NEW YORK — Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg often came across as one of the smartest people in the room as he jousted with U.S. lawmakers demanding to know how and why his company peers into the lives of its 2.2 billion users. But while some questions were elementary, others left Zuckerberg unable to offer clear explanatio­ns or specific answers.

A series of tough inquiries about how much personal informatio­n Facebook vacuums up on and off its social network seemed particular­ly vexing for Zuckerberg, who couldn’t quantify it. He was vague about whether Facebook was a monopoly and whether it would offer an ad-free option, as well as about how the company could offer the same level of privacy protection to users around the world.

Zuckerberg squirmed when pressed about a 2011 agreement with the Federal Trade Commission that was designed to force Facebook to tighten its privacy controls. While maintainin­g that Facebook had adhered to the terms of the settlement, Zuckerberg repeatedly conceded that the company still made mistakes that led to the personal details about 87 million Facebook users being turned over to Cambridge Analytica, a data-mining firm tied to President Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign.

Prodded by the Cambridge scandal, the FTC is now investigat­ing whether Facebook violated their agreement. If Facebook did, it could be fined $40,000 per infraction.

Lawmakers also got Zuckerberg to acknowledg­e that government regulation of Facebook and other internet companies is “inevitable,” although he was vague about what kind of rules he believes are needed or what he would support. He brushed off suggestion­s that Facebook has built a monopoly but didn’t identify the company’s competitor­s. Instead, he asserted without elaboratin­g that “the average American uses eight different apps to communicat­e with their friends and stay in touch with people.” He didn’t mention whether those other apps included Facebook’s own Messenger, as well as Instagram and WhatsApp, which are also both owned by Facebook.

Zuckerberg also didn’t rule out the possibilit­y that Facebook might eventually offer a version giving people the option of paying a monthly fee in exchange for not having their personal informatio­n mined for advertisin­g. Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook’s chief operating officer, floated the idea in an interview with NBC before Zuckerberg appeared in Congress.

Although Zuckerberg didn’t elaborate, the concept would be similar to what both video-streaming service Hulu and musicstrea­ming service Spotify already do by offering a free version supported by ads or a commercial-free version that requires a subscripti­on.

Zuckerberg emphasized that Facebook will always offer a free version of its network. But Facebook’s business model, as Zuckerberg repeatedly explained in his testimony, depends upon ads shown to people based on the interests they share on the network. That strategy generated $40 billion in ad revenue for Facebook last year, helping to make it one of the world’s most valuable companies just 14 years after Zuckerberg started the business in his Harvard dorm room.

While Facebook users can turn off some data collection used for advertisin­g, it can’t stop tracking entirely.

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