Uzbek­istan, a Large Mul­ti­eth­nic Fam­ily

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN - Il­hom Ilyasov

The Cen­ter for the Study of Public Opin­ion “Ij­ti­moiy Fikr” con­ducted a so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey on the state and trends of devel­op­ment of in­tereth­nic re­la­tions in the coun­try.

The poll re­sults show that cit­i­zens of our coun­try have a sta­ble at­ti­tude to­wards peace and sta­bil­ity, in­ter­na­tional and civil con­sent in the so­ci­ety as the most valu­able achieve­ment in the years of in­de­pen­dence. The ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity (99.8%) of Uzbeks fully share this be­lief.

What is the ba­sis of in­tereth­nic and civil har­mony in the so­ci­ety? Ac­cord­ing to the re­spon­dents, this is the state na­tional and so­cial pol­icy, the breadth of the soul of the Uzbek peo­ple and its high moral qual­i­ties, the con­cern shown in our coun­try about or­di­nary peo­ple, sta­bil­ity in the eco­nomic and so­ciopo­lit­i­cal spheres.

The num­ber of peo­ple who hold the opin­ion that Uzbek­istan is a beloved home­land is ab­so­lutely dom­i­nant. Views of Uzbek peo­ple about their coun­try in­clude its pos­i­tive image, a strong sense of con­nec­tion with the his­tor­i­cal roots of the peo­ple.

Mon­i­tor­ing of public opin­ion al­lows us to speak about the dom­i­na­tion among Uzbeks of the idea that for them both na­tion­al­ity and ci­ti­zen­ship are equally im­por­tant (59.4%). The ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity (89.4%) of the pop­u­la­tion is proud of be­ing aware of them­selves as a cit­i­zen of Uzbek­istan, re­gard­less of age and na­tion­al­ity. Sta­bil­ity of th­ese feel­ings is pre­served among the res­i­dents of the repub­lic dur­ing many years.

The sur­vey con­firms the sta­bil­ity of in­tereth­nic har­mony as a char­ac­ter­is­tic fea­ture of the whole peo­ple. The over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity of Uzbeks es­ti­mate the in­tereth­nic re­la­tions in the coun­try as very good and good (more than 94%).

The re­sults of the re­search make it pos­si­ble to state about ab­sence on na­tional grounds pre­req­ui­sites for any quar­rels and dis­agree­ments in the public opin­ion of Uzbek­istan. Thus, the over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity (83.4%) of re­spon­dents be­lieve that there is no quar­rel be­tween rep­re­sen­ta­tives of dif­fer­ent na­tion­al­i­ties.

Con­vic­tion is iden­ti­fied in the pos­i­tive out­look of main­tain­ing in­tereth­nic tran­quil­ity, that in­her­ent in public opin­ion in the coun­try. The ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents (80%) are con­fi­dent that sta­bil­ity will con­tinue in the in­ter­na­tional sphere in the fu­ture.

This fact is con­firmed by the mi­gra­tory moods of the pop­u­la­tion. The ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents, as in pre­vi­ous sur­veys, do not want to leave Uzbek­istan for per­ma­nent res­i­dence in other coun­tries (98.5%).

Ac­cord­ing to the re­spon­dents, the role of the ma­halla in the strength­en­ing of peace, in­tereth­nic and civil har­mony in so­ci­ety is great (68.7%). More than 90% of the re­spon­dents be­lieve that the new sys­tem of ac­tive di­a­logue with the peo­ple and the Vir­tual and Peo­ple's Re­cep­tion of­fices cre­ated by the Pres­i­dent en­sure so­cial jus­tice, pro­tect the rights and free­doms of cit­i­zens, and strengthen the sta­bil­ity of in­tereth­nic har­mony in so­ci­ety.

The con­ducted re­search con­vinc­ingly demon­strates that the public opin­ion of Uzbek­istan is dom­i­nated by a high as­sess­ment by the pop­u­la­tion (95.1%) of the in­tereth­nic and civil ac­cords achieved in the coun­try. Mea­sures for their fur­ther im­prove­ment, de­fined in the Pres­i­den­tial De­cree of May 22, 2017, con­trib­ute to con­sol­i­dat­ing the feel­ings of a large mul­ti­eth­nic fam­ily in the public con­scious­ness of the cit­i­zens of the repub­lic.

For Karakalpak­stan, the de­liv­ery of 48 thousand tons of coal is planned for the win­ter pe­riod and pop­u­la­tion has al­ready been supplied 23 thousand tons. Over the past seven years, 223 new hous­ing es­tates have been built in the Aral Sea area, it is re­quired to ad­di­tion­ally con­duct 636 km of power grids and build 268 trans­former points for their guar­an­teed pro­vi­sion of elec­tric­ity. In the process of study­ing the sit­u­a­tion in the Beruniy, Takhi­atash, Kho­jeyli, Kun­grad dis­tricts, 7 trans­former points were in­stalled, and en­ergy sup­ply was im­proved for about 1 thousand fam­i­lies.

Res­i­dents of the re­mote vil­lage of Sa­mankul of the Kho­jeyli dis­trict used to ap­peal to the Peo­ple's Re­cep­tion Of­fice of the Pres­i­dent in con­nec­tion with the emerg­ing dif­fi­cul­ties in en­ergy sup­ply. The old sub­sta­tion has been func­tion­ing in­ter­mit­tently, so 210 fam­i­lies in the Tuyakash were not pro­vided with elec­tric­ity nor­mally.

As a re­sult, a new elec­tri­cal sub­sta­tion with a ca­pac­ity of 250 kW is in­stalled here in a short time. The prob­lem was solved.

Cur­rently, the level of cen­tral­ized sup­ply of drink­ing wa­ter to the pop­u­la­tion of the north­ern re­gion amounts 51%. The length of the wa­ter pipe­lines is only 5 thousand km, and y it is also nec­es­sary to lay another 455 km of wa­ter pipes for the devel­op­ment of the in­dus­try. In ad­di­tion, there are 1260 mul­ti­story houses that serve about 94 As­so­ci­a­tions of own­ers of hous­ing. To ful­fill the tasks out­lined in the pro­gram for pre­par­ing mul­ti­story hous­ing the ground, 21 km of roads were re­paired by the work­ing group, the lim­i­ta­tions in heat­ing sys­tem were elim­i­nated in eight gen­eral schools, in five pre-school in­sti­tu­tions, and in 12 ru­ral med­i­cal sta­tions. Nearly 500 low-in­come fam­i­lies, peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties and those in need of so­cial sup­port were given house­hold ap­pli­ances and house­hold goods, food.

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