Uzbekistan, a Large Multiethnic Family
The Center for the Study of Public Opinion “Ijtimoiy Fikr” conducted a sociological survey on the state and trends of development of interethnic relations in the country.
The poll results show that citizens of our country have a stable attitude towards peace and stability, international and civil consent in the society as the most valuable achievement in the years of independence. The absolute majority (99.8%) of Uzbeks fully share this belief.
What is the basis of interethnic and civil harmony in the society? According to the respondents, this is the state national and social policy, the breadth of the soul of the Uzbek people and its high moral qualities, the concern shown in our country about ordinary people, stability in the economic and sociopolitical spheres.
The number of people who hold the opinion that Uzbekistan is a beloved homeland is absolutely dominant. Views of Uzbek people about their country include its positive image, a strong sense of connection with the historical roots of the people.
Monitoring of public opinion allows us to speak about the domination among Uzbeks of the idea that for them both nationality and citizenship are equally important (59.4%). The absolute majority (89.4%) of the population is proud of being aware of themselves as a citizen of Uzbekistan, regardless of age and nationality. Stability of these feelings is preserved among the residents of the republic during many years.
The survey confirms the stability of interethnic harmony as a characteristic feature of the whole people. The overwhelming majority of Uzbeks estimate the interethnic relations in the country as very good and good (more than 94%).
The results of the research make it possible to state about absence on national grounds prerequisites for any quarrels and disagreements in the public opinion of Uzbekistan. Thus, the overwhelming majority (83.4%) of respondents believe that there is no quarrel between representatives of different nationalities.
Conviction is identified in the positive outlook of maintaining interethnic tranquility, that inherent in public opinion in the country. The majority of respondents (80%) are confident that stability will continue in the international sphere in the future.
This fact is confirmed by the migratory moods of the population. The absolute majority of respondents, as in previous surveys, do not want to leave Uzbekistan for permanent residence in other countries (98.5%).
According to the respondents, the role of the mahalla in the strengthening of peace, interethnic and civil harmony in society is great (68.7%). More than 90% of the respondents believe that the new system of active dialogue with the people and the Virtual and People's Reception offices created by the President ensure social justice, protect the rights and freedoms of citizens, and strengthen the stability of interethnic harmony in society.
The conducted research convincingly demonstrates that the public opinion of Uzbekistan is dominated by a high assessment by the population (95.1%) of the interethnic and civil accords achieved in the country. Measures for their further improvement, defined in the Presidential Decree of May 22, 2017, contribute to consolidating the feelings of a large multiethnic family in the public consciousness of the citizens of the republic.
For Karakalpakstan, the delivery of 48 thousand tons of coal is planned for the winter period and population has already been supplied 23 thousand tons. Over the past seven years, 223 new housing estates have been built in the Aral Sea area, it is required to additionally conduct 636 km of power grids and build 268 transformer points for their guaranteed provision of electricity. In the process of studying the situation in the Beruniy, Takhiatash, Khojeyli, Kungrad districts, 7 transformer points were installed, and energy supply was improved for about 1 thousand families.
Residents of the remote village of Samankul of the Khojeyli district used to appeal to the People's Reception Office of the President in connection with the emerging difficulties in energy supply. The old substation has been functioning intermittently, so 210 families in the Tuyakash were not provided with electricity normally.
As a result, a new electrical substation with a capacity of 250 kW is installed here in a short time. The problem was solved.
Currently, the level of centralized supply of drinking water to the population of the northern region amounts 51%. The length of the water pipelines is only 5 thousand km, and y it is also necessary to lay another 455 km of water pipes for the development of the industry. In addition, there are 1260 multistory houses that serve about 94 Associations of owners of housing. To fulfill the tasks outlined in the program for preparing multistory housing the ground, 21 km of roads were repaired by the working group, the limitations in heating system were eliminated in eight general schools, in five pre-school institutions, and in 12 rural medical stations. Nearly 500 low-income families, people with disabilities and those in need of social support were given household appliances and household goods, food.