Great Heritage Bedrock for Enlightened Future
Presentation after presentation is the first thing that comes to mind when you try to realize what happened on November 28-29 in the framework of the International Media Forum “Crossroads of Times: Great Legacy of the Past Is the Basis for Enlightened Future”. The event in Tashkent was dedicated to what is taking place under the project «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan».
Not only new media products created within the framework of the project, but also new directions of it are presented. Initially, it was implemented in two directions - the publishing of books and albums and the creation of documentary films dedicated to the artifacts of Uzbekistan in the collections of the world. Now he has acquired new directions aimed at further in-depth study and preservation of the country's unique cultural heritage. Read more in the reports of our correspondents.
At the opening of the media forum, it was noted that today in the country on the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, and within the framework of the Strategy of Actions, largescale reforms are being implemented in all spheres of life, including a huge work to preserve, study and widely popularize the cultural and spiritual values of the Uzbek people. The «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan» project and the media forum held are a vivid example of this multifaceted work, whose goal is also broad education and education of the younger generation.
A HOT TOPIC
- The forum is devoted to a very important, perhaps the most topical topic of the modern world - the preservation of the spiritual heritage of the past, its multiplication, and, most importantly, the involvement of current and future generations, - said one of the project coordinators, First Deputy Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic Uzbekistan Sodik Safaev. - Mankind is going through a difficult period. The contradictions of the cultural and humanitarian character are exacerbated, the uncertainty in many regions of the world is growing, there are unprecedented threats to peace and stability related to the spread of international terrorism. Comprehension of these processes leads to the idea that proven forceful methods of counteracting evil, violence, intolerance do not always work. Speaking at the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly, the President of our country Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that often efforts are reduced to combating the consequences of challenges, rather than their root causes.
Often the root cause of any conflict is ignorance, not knowledge of history, traditions of culture and customs of peoples. That is why today in many countries of the world much attention is paid to education, studying history. In Uzbekistan, huge work is being done in this direction, several projects are being implemented. One of them is «Cultural heritage of Uzbekistan in the meetings of the world». This project, initiated and implemented by the National Association of Electronic Mass Media of Uzbekistan (NAEMM), the Ministry of Culture, the UNESCO Office in Uzbekistan, the Regional Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation for Central Asia, the Academy of Sciences of the Republic, the Zamon Press Info publishing house, Uzbekistan Today news agency, Caravan-TV channel, Sevimli-TV Internet channel demonstrated that Uzbekistan gave the world a huge number of cultural values. Today, a large number of artifacts constitute a significant part of the largest museum and private collections in the world. And many people, especially abroad, only now learn about Uzbekistan's invaluable contribution to the development of world civilization. And in many respects it is facilitated by the media products produced within the framework of this international project, a conference of scientists, at which issues of studying and preserving cultural heritage are discussed.
Now our country is going through a new historical stage, and it is felt in all spheres - in economy, policy, culture, science, education. In the era of globalization, the preservation of national identity is the most urgent problem, and of course the question arises: how to preserve it, what needs to be done for it The answer to this question was formulated, including our well-known Academician, Doctor of historical sciences Edvard Rtveladze, noting that it is necessary to discover, study, preserve and promote the historical and cultural heritage.
Talking about Uzbekistan and its heritage is very difficult, because any historical period we did not take, he literally stuffed with works of art, exhibits of a unique artistic culture. Whichever region of the country we take, again precisely this situation, because in any of them there are many works of art that tell both about the history and about the people who lived in this region and created these priceless works of art.
The «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan» project is unique and has no analogues in other countries. Uzbekistan has always been a crossroads of different peoples, cultures and traditions, and right now this project also gives everyone an opportunity to unite, because it unites different historical epochs, it is aimed not only at the past, but also in the future.
The uniqueness of the «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World's Collections» project is also the fact that for the first time a very large factual base of our works is being created, which are stored abroad. In the course of the work, for example, it became clear that even in Germany there are works that were collected by German collectors as early as the 19th century and were taken away from Uzbekistan. These are absolutely unique works that characterize practically all the stages of development of our native land, from the ancient times to the present days. And in many museums, where the project was carried out, there was a surprising attitude to Uzbek art. For example, in Stuttgart in the Linden Museum, the head of the department of Islamic art Dr. Annette Kremer, perfectly speaks the Uzbek language. And this is just an amazing precedent of the deepest respect and study of our art outside of our country.
It would like to emphasize that all media products created within the framework of the project are donated to the hands of free readers, where they will find their readers. In particular, within the framework of the held form, five copies of facsimile manuscripts were donated to the government and the people of Uzbekistan, and sets of new albums and documentaries from the series «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World’s Collections» - to the largest domestic and foreign museums and libraries. Moreover, the project has an official website www.c-legacy.uz, which has free access to documentary films and information about books-albums. The events of the project and the congress are widely and extensively covered by domestic and foreign media covering a multimillion audience in all corners of the globe.
The international forum began with the presentation of a new series of the media project «Cultural Heritage: Masterpieces of Written Monuments of the East». The project will publish the most valuable and significant facsimile copies of the manuscripts for researchers, who for various reasons were removed from the territory of the country and are currently stored in foreign collections. Thus, a greater number of scientists of the country engaged in studying the history of Uzbekistan will have access to these unique documentary sources of historical facts.
The Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences was the first to respond to the initiative of the authors of the project, presenting for the project the manuscripts of the Koran from Katta Langar, Divani Husseyni, The Garden of Purity, Temur's Code, and the National Library of France, in which the manuscript of the “Miragehname” medieval written monument is stored.
- The exchange of cultural values is the basis of human progress. It so happened that the cultural heritage of Uzbekistan was represented in the world in many museums, and this is indicative, and is a marker of the interest of all mankind, - said Irina Popova, director of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences. - After all, the cultural values of Uzbekistan were acquired and went to museums all over the world ... The peoples who lived and prospered on the territory of Uzbekistan left a very rich written heritage and it was acquired by Russian diplomats, travelers, researchers, and thanks to this the collection of our museum of Persian manuscripts is almost 4 thousand units. It was very important to present this evidence of such a high cultural level and prosperity in the framework of this cultural project. Today we give the scientific centers of Uzbekistan copies of four very remarkable manuscripts that represent, first of antiquity, if we are talking about the Koran of Katta Langar, since it is one of the oldest Koran in the world, and three manuscripts that characterize the heyday of the handwritten culture of the 19th century.
Facsimile copies of these priceless manuscripts were created in the widely known Australian publishing house Muller & Schindler, which has extensive experience in the publication of facsimile manuscripts.
«They are made on paper types that are as close to the original as possible using natural golden inclusions,» - says Alexander Wilhelm, vice president of the publishing house. - We tried to do everything to make the copies virtually indistinguishable from the volumes.
I want to stress once again that each edition has a great historical value. First of all, their content is a well of useful historical data. At the same time, each of them is an undoubted masterpiece, indicating a high level of calligraphic and book art of its period.
The Koran of Katta Langar is one of the oldest and unique lists of the Koran that have survived to this day. This sacred book, stored on the banks of the Neva in the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is one of the rarest specimens of the world-famous Koran of Osman.
The divan of Sultan Hussein Baikara is one of the most magnificent examples of the book art of the Temurids era. This is a collection of gazelles - poems written by the ruler of Herat, a representative of the Temurid dynasty - Sultan Hussein Mirzo Baikara. It was created in Herat at a time when the book art in Khorasan reached its highest perfection.
«Rauzat-as-Safa» is a historical treatise that tells the story of the prophet Muhammad and the dynasties of the caliphs and kings. The author of this historical work is a vivid representative of the school of court historians of the Khorasan state - Mirkhond, who enjoyed the protection of Alisher Navoi.
«Miragehname» - richly illustrated manuscript is a book executed in Arabic and Uighur graphics in the classical Uzbek language - the Turk, authored by the great poet Mir Haydar Khorezmi. Of the 84 pages of the «Miragehname», 70 are magnificent miniatures. Here you can find miniatures with scenes of the ascension of the Prophet Muhammad to heaven, his night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem and al-Aqsa Mosque. This unique manuscript is kept in the National Library of France.
«Temur's Code» was written during his lifetime. This priceless historical source of the Middle Ages consists of two parts: «Autobiography», telling about the life of the great ruler, starting from the age of seven, and «Temur’s Code». In both parts of the work the presentation is conducted on behalf of the first person, that is, on behalf of Amir Temur. «Temur's Code» is a valuable set of laws on the management of the state and the army, the country and society, from which we can see, on the basis of which he created a centralized controlled mighty state.
FIVE + FIVE + …
The second part of the forum also consisted of presentations devoted to new editions of the famous directions of the «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan» project. This is a book-album and documentary video films dedicated to Uzbek artifacts in famous collections of the world.
The first five volumes were presented in May 2017 at the international congress «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan - the Way to Dialogue between Peoples and Countries.» They include the books “The Collection of the State Museum of the East (Moscow, Russia)”, “The Collection of the Russian Ethnographic Museum (St. Petersburg, Russia)”, “The Collection of the State Tretyakov Gallery (Moscow, Russia)”, “Embroidery and Carpets of Uzbekistan in Foreign Collections», «Works of Alisher Navoi in the Masterpieces of Book Art of the XV-XVI centuries. (From the Collection of the Russian National Library, St. Petersburg, Russia)».
More than half a century ago, outstanding cultural researchers of Central Asia Galina Pugachenkova and Lazar Rempel wrote with regret in the preface to one of their books on the impossibility of presenting in one publication «many remarkable creations of ancient art from the territory of Uzbekistan» because of their dispersal in foreign and domestic museum vaults. «The consolidated edition of them is the work of the future,» they wrote then. Time, which dreamed of famous scientists, in general, it has come. Evidence of this is the «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World's Collections» grandiose project.
Within the framework of the last media forum five albums and documentaries were presented. The sixth volume is devoted to unique samples of Uzbek musical instruments and musical notes that are in the collections of the Russian Federation. Three others - artifacts of Uzbekistan, stored in the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences, works of art in the Hermitage collections, the State Historical Museum in Moscow and the All-Russian Museum of Decorative and Applied and Folk Art. The album included an album telling about the exposition of the I. Savitsky State Museum of Arts of Karakalpakstan.
The presentation of the sixth volume was unique, it took place in the framework of the evening of musical art of Uzbekistan. He was full of various activities. In particular, for the first time the students were offered rare archival records of the Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of the Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg, which were recorded on the Edison phonograph back in the 1920s. At the evening, famous Uzbek musicians performed classical folklore works of Uzbekistan. The famous Uzbek makoms, which are included by UNESCO in the list of masterpieces of the oral and intangible cultural heritage of mankind, were sounded.
But all of us are waiting for new books-albums and documentaries. In 2018, the creative team of the project will continue to work with Russian museums. In particular, books are planned on collections of the State Museum of the History of Religion, the Russian National Library, the State Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography named after Peter the Great (Kunstkamera).
«Our museum is unusual, there are several such in the world and it is this that determined the character of our collections - diverse in their composition,» says the deputy director for scientific work of the Russian State Museum of the History of Religion, Ekaterina Teryukova. - Participation in this project allowed us to look at our own collection on the new side, because, unfortunately, many items have not been properly attributed to now. We do not know much about some of the items from our collection, and it was the work within the project that prompted us to begin to identify items related to the culture of Uzbekistan, the religious and cultural traditions of the peoples who lived here in the Middle Ages. In the course of the study, we found out that a few months after the opening of our museum (November 15, 1932), one of the employees was sent to Uzbekistan in order to collect things that later formed the basis for the composition dedicated to Islam. And therefore, we can safely say that the expedition activity of our museum begins with Uzbekistan, and for us it was a pleasant discovery. I hope that there will be many more such discoveries, because we are just getting involved in the project, our album is scheduled for 2018, and we have time to understand and share this information with others.
The plans include the preparation and production of such books as “The Numismatic Collection of the British Museum”, “The Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the Collections of the Louvre and Other Museums in France”, “Alisher Navoi's Manuscripts in the Collection of the Russian National Library”, “The Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the Manuscripts of the French National Library», «Collections of the Museum of Japan». The publication of albums devoted to the cultural heritage of Uzbekistan in the UK - in the Bodleian library, Cambridge and Windsor, is planned.
- In 2018, there will be a unique album that will tell about the Uzbek part of the artifacts in the numismatic collection of the British Museum, - shared the professor of the University of Hofstra (USA) Alexander Naymark. - This museum, taking its origins in the early 18th century with the collection of medic and naturalist Sir Hans Sloane, has one of the largest numismatic collections in the world. Today it stores about 9 thousand coins. Among other exhibits of this collection are artifacts related to Uzbekistan. The numismatic collection gives answers to such questions as «What is money », «How are they made », «Where did the coinage come from » But most importantly - money can tell about people, history and epochs.
I think that many new discoveries await the readers of the new volume.
In the series there will be another album and a documentary dedicated to the museums of Uzbekistan, its contents will be determined by the collection of the State Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan. Museum director Vasila Fayzieva stressed that «for all the variety of the Museum's collection, its foundation is the art of Uzbekistan. The exposition presents the most valuable exhibits of ancient and early medieval art of Uzbekistan. And these exhibits are of great interest to the audience of the museum.»
WHAT DOES THE ARTIFACT SAY?
Within the framework of the forum, another interesting presentation took place a new direction of the project, within which project participants from different countries will exchange advanced technologies in preserving artifacts. It was named «Cultural heritage of Uzbekistan: application of advanced scientific technologies in the preservation of historical artifacts and manuscripts». It is noteworthy that this presentation and the first reports within the framework of this project was made by Sergey Laptev, a Candidate of Historical Sciences, Special Research Fellow of the MIHO museum (Japan).
He stressed that Uzbekistan is located on the Great Silk Road and it is very interesting for scientists to exchange views on how not only the exchange of objects of life and culture was exchanged along the Great Silk Road, but also the exchange of ideas, as it is currently happening. The “Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World's Collections» project became such a platform.
One of these platforms is the creation of books of albums and documentaries. In particular, Professor Laptev said that he was invited to be the curator of the album on the monuments of the material culture of Central Asia in the museums of Japan. After all, Japan and Central Asia were connected since ancient times. Already in the VIII century there was an imperial treasury, in which intact things are stored, many of which, obviously, are of Central Asian origin. For example, objects made of glass, glazes. And we are very interested in knowing how relations developed on the Great Silk Road between Japan and the countries of Central Asia.
The professor stressed that many artifacts originating from the territory of Uzbekistan and stored in foreign collections have not been studied, this is only to be done. The process of studying requires the application of the most advanced scientific technologies that scientists also need to exchange. He also drew attention to the fact that now this opportunity has appeared in the new direction of the «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World's Collections» project.
At the same time, the candidate of historical sciences became the first scientist to share his research in the new direction of the project. They were dedicated to the study of glass and glaze objects used in the decoration of buildings. The scientist also told about the special equipment available in Japan, which determines the origin of objects from glass with the help of special analysis. In the future, these technologies are planned to be applied in Uzbekistan.
The author and the head of the project «Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World’s Collections», the honored journalist of Uzbekistan Firdavs Abdukhalikov, speaking at the forum, promised that very soon the project will release new media products: books, albums, documentaries, facsimile copies, and they will also be to be discussed by the international community at similar representative congresses. In a word, we are looking forward for new meetings, new presentations